|Email from TekleMariam:
|I have got your books except "EtioPyawiw
beMann'nnetu F'llega!" I appreciate your work. We have learned
much from you.This is the truth about Ethiopia.
My father! I have one question on the observance of ''Senbet".
Meche new Senbet? Q'damit weis Ehud? Weyis, huletunim Senbet bilen
|Our Response to the Email from
|Thank you for the kind words concerning my books.
Please, address me as "servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of
God", and as such, as your servant in The Holy Covenant, and
not as "your father", since our Mutual and Eternal "Father"
is God, according to The Teaching of Our Master Lord Jesus Christ
Whose Word we have to abide by also in this regard. (Matt. 23/8-11.)
I am glad you read most of my books except "EtioPiawiw beMann'nnetu
F'llega!" which seems to be out of print. Since it is pending
for a reprint, I hope it will be available then and there in Ethiopia.
As to your question pertaining to our observance of The Sabath,
here is a brief answer: We have ONE and only ONE SENBET, that is,
QEDAMIT SENBET, which even Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself observed
by resting in His Tomb. We do not have two Senbets.
IHUD designated as "SENBETE-KRISTIAN", is simply the Extension
or the Perpetuation of the ONE and SAME EVERLASTING SENBET in which
we are living EVEN now through the FIRST SPIRITUAL RESURRECTION
that continues to remain SENBET FOREVER thereafter following the
For detailed explanation on this subject, you need to look for and
peruse the materials posted on our website including those in the
Q & A Forum.
N'bure-Id Ermias Kebede Welde-Yesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
|Email from Fasika:
|I admire you because of the books you had written;
and I looked for the other books you published: "Ethiopiawiw
beMann'nnetu F'llega!" and "Addam inna Hewan be'Ethiopia!"
Where can I get these books?
|Our Response to the Email from
|Thank you for your compliments concerning my books.
I am glad you are familiar with my books. "EtioPiawiw beMann'nnetu
F'llega!" seems to be out of print, and is pending for reprint.
So also is "Addam inna Hewan: be'EtioPia!" in the process
of publication. I hope both books will be available for readers
in the near future in Ethiopia as well as elsewhere.
N'bure-Id Ermias Kebede Welde-Yesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
|Email from Lijalem:
|Halo! All Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido followers
and faithful of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God services!
I think if you are providing services in the Name of God, then how
are we to participate in this mahiber? Degmos, lemin yebelleTe agelgilot
bemulu lehizb atiseTum, attaddersum?
|Our Response to the Email from
|We appreciate your recommendations for extension
of activities of our Services to the public and your expressed willingness
to participate in the Services we are rendering currently to Our
Beloved Mother-Country Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, Who is personified
by Our Holy Mother of God, The Virgin Mary.
However, we rejoice to let you know that there will come The Day
when The Kingdom of God literally and physically reveals Itself
to the whole world. That is the TIME when Our God of The Holy Covenant
Jesus Christ Our Priestly-King and His Holy Queen Mother The Virgin
Mary bring us all together to live The Eternal Divine Life even
now in this world and to enable us to serve collectively The Divine
Purpose of The Holy Covenant that Ethiopia and Ethiopians stand
for from the beginning of time to date.
Until then, we have to wait for THAT DAY by leading the THE KIND
OF LIFE that True Ethiopians of The Holy Covenant ought to live
wherever they reside individually or as a family or as a society
engaged in any kind of work that is inherently and vocationally
assigned to each one of them by the Gift of God.
Also, please recognize the TRUTH about OUR ENTITY AND IDENTITY AS
ETHIOPIA: THE KINGDOM OF GOD that comprises THE THREE HOUSES OF
THE PEOPLE, OF THE GOVERNMENT AND OF THE CHURCH that adhere to THE
TEWAHDO FAITH OF THE HOLY COVENANT and whose age spans for a period
of 7503 years. We are not the so-called present hierarchy of the
clergy that identifies itself as "Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo
Church" which is actually and historically a branch of the
Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox Church in Ethiopia. For detailed explanation
of this subject, you need to refer to the books and materials, including
especially those in the Q & A Forum, posted on our website.
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
|Email from Bekele:
|I've read all your books posted on your website,
with the exception of "Ethiopiawiw beMann'nnetu F'llega".
I'm looking for this book in various book stores. In the near future,
I'll hopefully read this particular book and hence all the books
posted in your website, as you've advised everyone interested on
knowing the Truth should do.
N'bure-Id, I'm very happy and extremely thankful to God for passing
onto me all the knowledge accumulated in all your books about Ethiopia
and being an Ethiopian. I also admire the clarity of your language
and the manner in which the message was conveyed. I've learned a
great deal from all your books, something I never had the chance
of knowing or realizing.
Now, I want to put myself in this new path with the help of God.
The first thing I believe I should have or do is get myself a Memih're
Nisiha or a Spiritual Father, if I may say. I don't have a spiritual
father all this year. How do I choose one? Do I choose from our
Church that currently exists? Will that be ok? I know I should first
confess all my sins to our Lord Jesus Christ, then go and talk to
a Spiritual Father. Since I don't have a spiritual father and since
I need guidance in this particular issue, whom do I talk to?
N'bure-Id, is it possible for me to meet you face to face, if you're
in Addis and talk to you about this and other issues? I hope to
hear from you soon. May God be with all of us!
|Our Response to the Email from
|Thank you for your recent email that carries generous
compliments relating to my books.
I am glad you read most of my books except "EtioPiawiw beMann'nnetu
F'llega!" which seems to be out of print. Since it is pending
for a reprint. I hope it will be available along with other similar
publications, such as "Addam inna Hewan be'EtioPia!" in
the near future in Ethiopia and elsewhere. I felt particular joy
and contentment to learn from you that you benefited from the Divine
Messages conveyed through my books bringing about a new inspiration
and a positive transformation in your life.
With regard to your question about your need to acquire Mem'h're-N'ss'ha
(spiritual father) for yourself, I can neither advise you to look
for nor recommend to you an individual cleric within the present
hierarchy of the Church. Nowadays, no one would seem to prove to
be truly eligible, competent and reliable to assume any responsibility
to discharge such sacred duty of the priesthood. It is humanly untenable
at the present time and under the current state of affairs within
the Three Integral Houses of the People, of the Government and of
the Priesthood of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God to approach and discuss
this matter in a manner conducive to the Faith as well as to the
This is because all members and officials of the above-mentioned
Houses, including more importantly that of the Priesthood, had betrayed
The Incarnate God Jesus Christ and His Holy Mother The Virgin Mary
by acts of public defilement of the Holy Covenant. Such acts committed
on the Divine Sovereigns by the Clergy individually as well as collectively
amounted to a grave sin that resulted in the excommunication of
the whole clergy from the lowest rank of the priesthood up to that
of the highest of the bishopric by the Divine Authority. This adverse
situation in turn brought about the susequent blow of the ensuing
deprivation of the priestly power bestowed upon the clergy through
The Holy Sacrament of The Eternal Covenant.
Under the circumstances, the only option that remains for you to
utilize is to rely faithfully and persevere prayerfully on the inspiration
and guidance of the Holy Spirit as well as on the counsel and consolation
of the Eternal Confessor Jesus Christ. For more explanation on this
issue, you will find pertinent materials in the different forums
of our website in addition to our published books.
On my part, in my capacity as a servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom
of God in the Holy Covenant, I am willing to serve you as much
as I could in providing you from within and from without of Ethiopia
with such advices that pertain to your requirements in this aspect.
Please be assured that I am also glad to see you face to face
and talk to you personally when I am back to Ethiopia.
N'bure-Id Ermias Kebede Welde-Yesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
Email Response to a critical and universal
question transmitted through the Talkshow media of Oprah Winfrey:
|I am Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God.
I write to reveal to you and to your audiences the ANSWER in the
Divine Truth to that prevalent and crucial question of "who
am I?". The pursuit to discover YOUR TRUE SELF with the aim
to help others to achieve the same goal predominates your shows.
Here is the ANSWER that remained hidden and preserved in the Ethiopian
Divine Heritage for millenniums, always ready and available throughout
all ages to this day for the whole human generations to benefit
from. Whenever and wherever there is the real need and the genuine
will to recieve it, it presents itself there all the time to be
offered to every individual person who possesses the natural gift
of a common sense, finally to gratify the universal, inherent and
unremitting human quest. The answer is summed up in the following
You and your likes as long as you remain faithful to your True Spiritual
SELF will find yourselves Living Embodiments of The Divine Truth.
Your SELF is A LIVING ENTITY created in the IMAGE of the Creator,
and born from Him and crowned as His heir to enjoy and minister
His eternal Kingdom that reigns on Earth and in Heavens. As such,
you think, speak, do and live like HIM by truly knowing and freely
making your own choice of the Good from the Evil in a perfect universe
prepared by Him for your existence.
The source of all problems and tragedies experienced by humanity
in general and by the individual in particular, is simply THE UNWILLINGNESS
TO ACCEPT OR THE PERVERSION OF SUCH INHERENT HUMAN STATUS OF DIVINITY
by the same.
The details of The Divine Truth is conveyed in my book entitled
Ethiopia: The Classic Case. This book is small in size, but carries
a unique and infinite Message to be delivered to the generation
that you, as an innocent medium of the Divine Truth, currently serve
so wholeheartedly and effectively.
I am glad to mail the aforementioned book to you as a gift provided
that you inform me the access through which I can manage to send
it and you want to receive it. There is also the option to order
the same through our website, www.ethkogserv.org if you wish to
|First Email from Zsa Zsa:
MUZUNGUS AND MARXIST LENINIST MULLAHS! BANDAS AND BASMATI
BOILERS! BEWARE! BEWARE!
ETHIOPIAN SPIRITUAL PREPARATION ALWAYS LEADS TO VICTORY!!
ITYOPYAN ATINKOO TIKATTELALACH'HOO!!
MY FELLOW ETHIOPIANS! HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY!!
|Our Response to the FIRST Email
from Zsa Zsa:-
|Thank you for your message of "Happy Independence
Day!" with all its enclosures.
Please let me avail myself of this opportunity to remind you of
the Divine Reality that we Ethiopians of The Holy Covenant, as Children
of God and as Eternal Sovereign Members of The Kingdom of God remain
always Free and Independent throughout our existence that spans
an age of 7503 years to this day. Thus, we are literally in constant
celebration of our Everlasting Divine Life of Freedom and Independence,
i.e., we celebrate the same not only once a year, but on daily basis,
without any interruption.
|Second Email from Zsa Zsa:
|Thank you for the correction. That was a very
serious mistake. I will now contact others I have emailed with the
same message to make sure they are aware of my error in using the
word INDEPENDENCE. Maybe the word LIBERATION? May I circulate the
correction you have kindly given me or should I keep it private?
Sir, Please know that my spiritual knowledge is still as a
sapling...inchich..But like the time under Fasscist Italia occupation
the time now under this Woyane occupation DOES NOT FEEL like anything
less than bondage, slavery and colonisation. What do you say to
that? Are these dreadful 40 or so years all part of the YE MIHRET
KITTAT that you mentioned before? What is the right word to use
for the ups and downs our people continue to suffer including
myself?????? Please let me know more how I should see these terrible
times when you have time.
|Our Response to the Second Email
from Zsa Zsa:-
|You are perfectly at liberty to circulate the elucidation
I gave you in my previous response with regard to your message of
"Independence Day". (I preferred to use "elucidation"
rather than "correction.") There is nothing private in
our correspondence concerning this subject. Dealing with anything
that pertains to The Divine always constitutes revelation, i.e.,
the privilege to bring matters to light, as God did of His Work
and even of Himself.
The term "Liberation", just like that of "Independence",
could not be applicable in this context to the case of Faithful
Ethiopians of The Holy Covenant.
There is no such imposition labelled as "Fascist Italian
or Woyane occupation, bondage, slavery or colonization" that
relate to or maintain any exertion on True Ethiopia and Ethiopians
of The Holy Covenant who enjoy a perfect and eternal life in the
Faith of the Domain of The Kingdom of God, as explained in my
The aforementioned designations are assigned only to those (so-called
Ethiopians as well as aliens) who denied The Holy Covenant that
God made with humanity in general and with Ethiopians in particular.
The sufferings that inflicted and continue to inflict both the
former and the latter in the past and at present are invariably
at worst devastating chastisements and at best "YeM'hret
Quoting from you, "The right word to use for the ups and
downs our people continue to suffer including myself??????"
is IMPENITENCE. If you would allow me to elaborate the significance
and relevance of the word to the case in question, here it is:
HUMAN INTRANSIGENCE (THAT INCLUDES THE CONTEMPORARY ETHIOPIAN
GENERATION) TO HEED TO GOD'S CONTINUOUS CALL FOR REPENTANCE. And
this Merciful Divine Call still remains unheeded by humans in
general and by Ethiopian generations in particular for more than
two milleniums and three years to the present.
You will realize the effectiveness of this TRUTH if and when
you yourself, in your individual personal capacity, either decide
to continue to remain defiant to the Divine Call or, discarding
any ambivalence that may loom within yourself, to react positively
to the same by utilizing just for an instant your God-given inherent
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
|Email from P. Bluemel:-
|I lived in Ethiopia for twelve years and now I
teach about it. I do workshops, lectures and I write about it. I
am curious what church are you aligned with, the orthodox or catholic?
And what book, in english, do you recommed that outlines the essence
you are teaching about Ethiopia?
|Our Response to the Email from
|It is interesting for us to know the kind of work
you are doing in pursuance of the life you experienced in Ethiopia
and which concerns the same.
We are neither Orthodox nor Catholic. We are Ethiopia of the Holy
Covenant that precede both the Orthodox and the Catholics in milleniums
and tracing our heritage back to the time of Adam and Eve, with
a span of existence that extends for an age of 7,5002 years todate.
We are Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God that integrates the Three Houses
of the People (the main body), and of the Priesthood (the Branch
serving the Spiritual Need of the People = the Church) and of the
Administration (the Branch serving the Physical Need of the People
= the Government).
Ethiopia: The Classic Case would be the English version of our publications
that is available for us to recommend to you to read. You can order
it from the Book Section of our web site. This book as well as materials
posted on our web site, especially in the forum of Q&A, elaborate
and provide you with the necessary information on the aforementioned
|First Email from Yash Kanda.ets':-
|Greetings in Yesus Kristos from Alaska!
I have recently come across your website, and I feel as if
I was guided there by the Holy Spirit; the ideas and truths contained
therein have spoken to my heart and soul like a warm breeze in
the midst our cold Alaskan autumn!
I am an Indigenous Alaska Native from the Tlingit, Aleut, and
Ahtna Tribes and I have recently come out of the Russian Orthodox
Church. I left the Russian Church for many of the reasons you
left the "Orthodox" church in Ethiopia. The Russian
Orthodox Church had always been a colonial church, brought here
during the period of Russian colonialism and imperialism in Alaska,
and forced upon my ancestors as part of the colonial project.
American Protestantism was also brought here and forced upon our
people as a part of American colonial aggression as well.
As an Indigenous Man who has always known that Yesus Kristos is
the "repairer of the breach" between Man and God, I
have searched and searched, in vain for an indigenous expression
of my Faith
From the time of my youth, I have been a spiritual pilgrim, passing
through the Rastafarian movement (Twelve Tribes organization),
my own Alaska Native tribal religions, and the Russian Orthodox
Church, but I have always felt that something was missing.
I have done extensive studying and research into both the Holy
Scriptures and other writings like the Kebra Negast (I hope, being
able to separate the wheat from the chaff in this), and I always
knew there was something special about Ethiopia. The Hebraic elements
in the True Tewah'do Faith that exist nowhere else on earth, the
presence of God's Holy Ark, and existence of the Solomonic and
Israelite bloodlines are all huge clues to the truth that Ethiopia
is the True Holy land (and People!). Part of my mother's family
are "Jews" from Eastern Europe, so I have always been
receptive to the Hebraic aspects of any spiritual reality.
I will be ordering Ethiopia: The Classic Case in the next few
days, and I have read almost all of the Q&A sections of your
I have been knocked to the ground like Paul on his
way to Damascus! The Truths you point out have turned my entire
spiritual reality upside down and have shaken me to the core
In many ways, your ideas are similar to those of the Russian Old
Believers who left the institutional church when it became a puppet
of the Greeks in the 17th century; the major difference being
that the Russian Old Believers do not have the crucial understanding
that Ethiopia and the Ethiopians are the True Source of Faith
in Yesus Kristos that extends back to Adam!
I do not read Amharic or Ge'ez, but I would like to continue studying;
prayer is very important to me, and I would like to continue my
prayer life. Are there any materials in English that could help
me learn more about True Tewah'do prayer and teachings?
After reading about the reality of Ham, Shem, and Japheth on your
website, I feel completely confident saying and believing that
I am also an Ethiopian
what an honor and a privilege!
|Our Response to the First Email
from Yash Kanda.ets':-
|Welcoming your kind words, we would like to reciprocate
in extending our Ethiopian Greetings to you in the Names of The
Incarnate God Yesus Krstos and His Holy Mother The Virgin Mary!
Thank you for your recent email replete with compliments and revelations
of the Divine Truth. We rejoiced to read the following excerpt from
your own final remark in which you pronounced your assertion of
how you came to "feel completely confident saying and believing
that I am also an Ethiopian
what an honor and a privilege!"
We Ethiopians of The Holy Covenant always believe that the Divine
Cause which we enjoy living, pusuing and serving is incessantly
and pervasively guided by the Grace of The Holy Spirit. This Truth
is once again revealed in your present case as confirmed therein,
to quote from your own statement: "I have recently come across
your website, and I feel as if I was guided there by the Holy Spirit."
We praise The Lord for His continuous and prevailing omniprecence,
involvement and guidance in our individual and collective lives,
as witnessed in the aforementioned situation of yours.
In accordance to your proposition, we look forward to sending you,
as soon as we receive your order, our publication entitled Ethiopia:
The Classic Case from which you will have an enlightening insight
about The Divine Truth concerning Ethiopia and Ethiopians of The
Holy Covenant. The relevant books, so far published only in Ethiopic
(Amharic) and posted on our website, including some from our selected
Ge'ez Manuscripts, are in the process of being translated into English.
We hope few may be available in the near future, at which time you
will certainly benefit from the outcome.
We trust that your current achievement is the demonstration of the
final success of the search for the Divine Truth of God's Plan to
Humanity in general and to individuals like you in particular, and
continue to pray for the consolidation of the sweet and everlasting
fruit of your Faith.
|Second Email from Yash Kanda.ets':-
|It is with great joy that I have received your
I have ordered Ethiopia: The Classic Case today via Paypal.
My English name is Sorrel, and Moses is my Baptismal Name (for St.
Moses the Ethiopian), and Yashkanda.ets' is my Tlingit clan name
(Raven/Dog Salmon Clan).
I look forward to your Ethiopic titles being translated into English,
as their publication will continue to open people's eyes, hearts,
and minds to the truth...I will continue to study and pray.
I have located the prayers to the Lord and to the Holy Mother of
God on your website and will integrate these into my daily prayers!
|Our Response to the Second Email
from Yash Kanda.ets':-
|We thank you for your last email that brought us
the good news of the inclusion of our two consummate universal Prayers
in those of yours.
Please be informed that a copy of our book Ethiopia: The Classic
Case is already dispatched by priority mail to the postal address
you provided in the order we received.
With the Blessings of The Holy Covenant,
The Servant of Erhiopia: The Kingdom of God.
|First Email from Emilie:-
|1) Is your Church the same Church that the Church
of Atse Kedamawi Haile Selassie? Is your Church the same Church
that the Church of Abuna Yesehaq Mandefro who was sent in the western
hemisphere by His Majesty?
2) Who is your patriarch? Where are your bishops, deacons, priests?
Where are your places of gathering for the cult?
|Our Response to the First Email
| Here are the answers to the questions presented
in the aforementioned:
1. Yes, our Church is the one that anointed Atsie Haile-Sellassie.
She is the same Church that sent Abba La'ike-Mariam Mandefro (the
late Archbishop Y's'haq) to the western hemisphere. Our Ethiopian
Church that identifies Herself as "Tewahdo" and designated
as "the House of the Priesthood", is one of the two integral
parts that emanate from the House of the People, the other one being
the House of the Administration (the Government).
But it is not the so-called Ethiopian Orthodox Tewah'do Church that
finally and openly violated and defiled the Holy Covenant by collaborating
with the atheist (communist or socialist) military junta called
"Derg". And it is not the present hierarchical one that
maintains the status quo with the current regime. Also, it is not
the one that recognizes itself to be a branch of the Coptic (Egyptian
Orthodox) Church in Ethiopia.
2. As such and under the present circumstances, and until the Elects
of the Three Houses, namely, those of the People, of the Priesthood
and of the Administration of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God under
the Atsie -the prime "Elect of God"- are officially revealed
at the appointed time, our Priestly King The Incarnate God Jesus
Christ along with our Maternal Queen, The Holy Mother of God The
Virgin Mary, remains our High Priest (Patriarch).
And all the Children of Ethiopia in The Holy Covenant, male and
female, who were anointed at their Baptismal Sacrament, are Priests
and Civil Servants of the Divine Kingdom, discharging their individual
and collective duties and responsibilities through the Holy Spirit
from wherever they reside and in whatever occupation they are engaged.
Thus they transform themselves into the Living Ark of The Covenant
and render their homes and other available facilities of premises
as the Sanctuaries of The Holy Spirit and using their personal vocations
as means of Services to God.
|Second Email from Emilie:-
|I let you know that I received, yesterday, your book
"Ethiopia: The Classic Case."
I began to read it; and I would like to ask you if, when I would
have finished reading it completely, you would agree to answer some
questions on some points in the book.
|Our Response to the Second Email
|I am happy to answer any question that pertains to
the Message of the book, as well as to the Divine Truth about Ethiopia
and Ethiopianness of the Holy Covenant.
However, before presenting any question to me, I would highly recommend
that you initially peruse the materials that are posted on our website,
especially those included in the Faith and Q & A Forums, since
numerous relevant issues raised in the book are discussed in details
therein. Such measure will certainly save your precious time as
well as mine.
N'bure-Id Ermias K. WoldeYesus, Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom
|Third Email from Emilie:-
|Selam, N'bure-Id Ermias:
Yes, I already visited your website, but I did not see the answers
to my [following] questions.
Here are my questions :
1. At the beginning of your book, you quoted two passages of the
holy scriptures, Matthew 12: 42 and Revelation 10: 1 - 11. What
did you mean when you quoted these two passages ? Can you explain
to me a little more in detail ? I try to understand the idea which
2. Page 25, there is quotation of the Prophet Jeremiah, chapter
31 vs 31 - 34, and you are referring this passage in touch with
Ethiopia / Ethiopianism. How this passage can firstly aim Ethiopia
and the Ethiopians, since the passage mentions only the house of
Israel and the house of Judah, that is, the offspring of Jacob?
3. Why God chose the Hebrews, set them apart, gave them the Law
and the Prophets, gave them the Saviour growing among their people
? Why to have chosen another people ? Why not to have started that
among the Ethiopian people?
4. Why the ( Ethiopian ? ) tradition says that one of the three
Wise Men was an Ethiopian King, King Bazen, also known as King Jasper?
5. You said in your book that, after Christ's birth, the accession
to the throne of Ethiopia is not any more with regard to the lineage.
I know that you do not accept the book of Kebra Negast, but why
the Kebra Negast says in a categorical way that Zagwe's kings are
usurpers because they are not Israelites, because they are not of
the Solomonic dynasty?
6. What is exact translation in English of the Imperial and National
motto? Is it " The lion of the tribe of Judah has prevailed
( or conquered ) " or " Conquering lion of the tribe of
Judah " ? I saw that you mention the second in your book as
being the motto, but I ask for this because I saw the sentence "
The lion of the tribe of Judah has prevailed ( or conquered ) "
attached above the name of the Emperor, used as the Imperial motto
( not as title ). Also, I sometimes saw the sentence " Conquering
lion of the tribe of Judah" attached above the name of the
Emperor, also used as the motto. Are there two ways to translate
"The Lion of the Tribe of Judah has prevailed. Menelik II,
Elect of God, King of Kings of Ethiopia."
May it reach Dejazmatch Yelma. How are you ? Thanks be to God, I
( Autobiography of Haile Selassie I chapter 1, translated by Edward
"The Lion of Judah has prevailed. Haile Selassie I Elect
of God, King of Kings of Ethiopia."
People of Our country of Ethiopia ! ... etc ( Autobiography of
Haile Selassie I chapter 41, translated by Edward Ullendorf )
"Conquering lion of the tribe of Judah, Haile Selassie I,
Elect of God, Emperor of Ethiopia." ( Preface of the Fetha
Negast, translated from the Ge'ez by Abba Paulos Tzadua, &
edited by Peter L. Strauss : Faculty of Law Haile Selassie I University
7. How I who live on an island, in the archipelago of Mascareignes
( Mascaregnas ), to the east of Madagascar, in the Indian Ocean,
among a people immersed into the religious confusion ( Roman Catholicism,
Hinduism, African animist beliefs ), I can learn and educate me
in true Ethiopianism, and participate in the sacraments of the
Church ? Where do I have to go ?
I found your book very educational and enlightening about biblical
Ethiopia, which is a treasure in the hands of God. Thank you.
Do not feel yourself hurried because of me, but answer me when
you have a time ...
|Our Response to the Third Email
|Thank you for the compliments you expressed in your
series of emails.
I apologize for the delay of my response caused by the heavy schedule
of our services which you understood and allowed me in your own
words "not to feel hurried because of me, but answer me when
you have a time ..."
The answers to your questions presented in the aforementioned are
1. The details of the two passages quoted from the Holy Scriptures
in your email: Matthew 12: 42 and Revelation 10: 1 - 11, are explained
sufficiently in the pertinent chapters of the book, Ethiopia: The
Here, the same details could be presented in the following concise
sentence: Both passages relate respectively therein about Ethiopia
who is personified by the Queen of the South, and about the aforementioned
book in which the symbols of the Rainbow and the Lion are significantly
portrayed in the Divine Seal of Ethiopia as the Ethiopian Banner
(National Flag) and Jesus Christ.
2. The True House of Israel and the True House of Judah finally
and eternally turned out to be identified as Ethiopia and Ethiopians.
This assertion is not a bare statement, but Divine Truth based on
the multitude of realities that authenticated the same which could
be epitomized by the following words:-
While the unbelieving so-called "House of Israel and House
of Judah" (the Jews) denied even to this day the Old Testament
Ark of the Holy Covenant and the New Testament Living Arks of the
Holy Covenant, Ethiopians accepted the former in Faith and Her ultimate
Shrine remained to be the Land of Ethiopia where She prophetically
was transferred back, and Who became the Living Virgin Mary, the
Mother of The Son of God, Jesus Christ.
It is a well known fact that such Divine Phenomenon resulted from
the famous pilgrimage of Makkedda (Queen of the South or Sheba)
to Jerusalem and Her inspired meeting with King Solomon, son of
King David. That Divinely-arranged relationship brought forth the
Covenantal Seed, Menelik the First, whose ultimate offspring, The
Virgin Mary, bore the Priestly King and the Conquering Lion of the
Tribe of Judah, Jesus Christ, Whom the Jews crucified and killed,
but Whom the Ethiopians accepted and recognized as their Incarnate
God, Saviour and Eternal Priestly King - a criteria that made Ethiopians
the True Israelites and Judians (Jews) once and for all. (Matt.
12/42. Rom.2/25-29; 9/6-8.)
3. The Hebrews were chosen by God from among the Gentiles because
of their Patriarch Abraham, who was himself a worshipper of idols
called Abram, but an ardent seeker of The True God. His passionate
desire to look for and find the latter brought him to MelchiZedeq
the Ethiopian, who was then the only faithful believer, worshipper
and priest of the Most High God, and Founder and Righteous King
of Jerusalem, and who taught and converted (Ethiopianized) Abraham
into the Faith of God of the Holy Covenant.
Though the Hebrews were chosen and treated by God as such, they
remained always rebellious, apostate and lost people, because of
their denial of the Covenant that God made with their Patriarchs:
Abraham, Yis'haq and Jacob. Jesus Christ, the Ethiopian and the
True and Eternal MelchiZedeq, born of His Ethiopian Mother, The
Virgin Mary, came to save them (the Hebrews) pursuant to the binding
Covenant aforementioned; and He did save them, which benevolence
the Jews regrettably rejected to their detriment. (Gen. 14/18-20.
Heb. 5/6-10; 7/1-28. Matt. 10/5-7.)
4. All this time, the Ethiopians maintained their faithful relationship
with their God of The Holy Covenant, like the eldest son of the
merciful father, a resemblance of The Heavenly Father in that parable
that Our Lord Jesus Christ related to His Disciples, the younger
prodigal son being the prototype of the Hebrews. So, God had nothing
to start with the Ethiopians, except with Hebrews whose origin was
paganism and who always proved to betray Him from the beginning
to the last. (Luk. 15/11-32.)
5. The whole ordeal undertaken by Jesus Christ was the final and
everlasting recurrence of the Divine Act of Redemption that was
carried out previously by Moses, the Ethiopianized Hebrew.
Moses came to Ethiopia as an exile, lived there, and, following
the footsteps of his Ethiopianized ancestor and predecessor Abraham
by MelchiZedeq, learned from the Ethiopian Priest Jethro about God
and Ethiopianhood, i.e. the Faith, Worship and Kingdom of God, married
an Ethiopian wife Zippora, daughter of the same Priest, and begotten
two sons from her, and remained united with her to the last, despite
the conspiratorial and aggressive opposition of the Hebrews including
his brother Aaron and sister Miriam who was chastised by Divine
Retribution for their sinful act.
6. The Law (the Two Tablets of the Ten Commandments) given to the
Hebrews by God in the hands of Moses was the result of their unbelief,
idol worshiping tendency and a rejection of the worship of God "in
Truth and Spirit", stipulated for them in the Ark of the Covenant
henceforth to refrain from, but which they continued in a more aggravated
momentum, as described in the Book of Exodus and elsewhere.
In the same way, the Prophets were indispensably needed to be sent
to these same rebellious people in order to help bring them to their
senses and made them to repent from their sins of apostasy, blasphemy
and recalcitrant behaviour, as the Bible openly relates.
7. This is in stark contradiction to the position of the Ethiopians
who remain trustworthy believers and worshippers of The One Covenantal
God in Trinity from the beginning of their existence, i.e., from
the time of Adam and Eve to this day, with the Ten Commandments
inscribed, like the rest of humanity, primarily by the Creator's
gift of human nature on their soul and flesh, finally to culminate
by their spiritual birth from God through Baptism: with the Sacred
Water and the Holy Spirit sealed by the anointing of the Holy Oil.
As such, Ethiopians were initially preferred and elected by God
to be the Custodians, and Ethiopia, to be the Resting Place for
the Ark of the Covenant that was rejected by the Hebrews and the
former (Ethiopians) were finally designated by the Word of Our Lord
Jesus Christ as "those who have not seen and yet have believed."
The exaltation of the Ethiopians in the Eyes of God that was articulated
by the pronouncement of Prophet Amos: "Children of Israel!
Ye are not as children of Ethiopia unto me," is another affirmation
of the aforementioned truth and again stands in stark contradiction
to the wickedness and cruelity of the Hebrews perpetrated upon the
life and body of Jesus Christ to the extent of not only rejecting
Him but executing Him by crucifixion. (Jn. 20/29. Am. 9/7.)
8. The answer to both your questions concerning the so-called "(
Ethiopian?) tradition that says one of the three Wise Men was an
Ethiopian King, King Bazen, also known as King Jasper," and
"why the Kebra Negast says in a categorical way that Zagwe's
kings are usurpers because they are not Israelites, because they
are not of the Solomonic dynasty?" in contradiction to my assertion
in my book that says, "after Christ's birth, the accession
to the throne of Ethiopia is not any more with regard to the lineage."
Both the above accounts are another sinister misconceptions and
distortions applied by Egyptian Orthodox Church and her accomplices
in an effort to subvert and undermine the Divine Truth and Works
that pertain to Ethiopia, Ethiopians and Ethiopianness. The conspiracy
and secret pact made against the latter between the supporters of
the humanly perpetuated solomonic dynasty and the Coptic (Egyptian
Orthodox) Church amounted to denial of the Holy Covenant, and, as
a consequence proved to bring about, as the whole world witnesses,
the Divine Justice rendered upon the person of Atsie Haile-Sellassie
and his regime to the extent of their demise together with their
harvest of unworthy generation and its achievements.
9. As to your question that relates to the exact translation in
English of the National motto of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God and
which reads in Ge'ez "Mo'a Anbessa ze'imNegede Y'huda!",
this is what we say:
There cannot be two ways to translate the motto. Translations could
never be perfect: They may nearly resemble the original text to
convey the meaning of the same. We rely on and use only the original
Ge'ez Text. We do not have, until now, an accepted standard translation
of the motto either in English or in any other language including
even the Ethiopic (Amharic). This factor would remain one of those
important issues to be authoritatively decided upon at the future
10. Finally, we respond to your personal pleadings in the following
terms: We, Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant, believe that it is God
The Holy Spirit Himself that teaches, i. e., provides with the True
Knowledge of Ethiopianism, or any other Divine Enlightenment, all
humans, individually as well as collectively, as long as they remain
naturally faithful to Him, as prescribed in the Holy Scriptures.
So, you need to keep on praying and look fervently for such Divine
Grace through your True Belief in The Holy Covenant as described
in the Creed and Testimonial of our Faith, and Prayers of Praise
to Our Lord God and of Salutation to Our Lady The Virgin Mary, posted
in the Forum of Faith of our website. You will find yourself the
beneficiary of this Divine Grace through the attainment of The Knowledge
and Life in the Holy Covenant. (Jer. 31/31-34. Jn. 6/45. Heb. 8/8-12.)
In order to bring about our salvation and well-being to the climax,
God had acted and continues to act as The Father and as The Son
and as The Holy Spirit, and already made available, once and for
all, all that is necessary for our physical, mental (of the soul)
and spiritual needs. You need not ask or wait for anything else
but to live the Life of the First Resurrection that we Ethiopians,
Sons and Daughters of God in The Holy Covenant, are graciously and
plentifully provided with by God The Father, God The Son and God
The Holy Spirit, just like and even more than the air we breathe
in and out, the sun we bask in, the water we are abundantly nourished
with and the earth we tread and feed upon freely. (Rev. 20/1-15.)
To attain such status, you are at liberty to make your own choice:
Believe and make yourself the Living Tablet and Ark of the Holy
Covenant: You will then become the Altar, Sanctuary, Temple, Church
and Kingdom of God. You will become the Son/Daughter, Priest/Priestess,
King/Queen of God.
You will be fully competent to serve, in your priestly kingship/queenship
capacity that you are endowed with because of MelchiZedeq's Covenant,
not only yourself, but also your family and others anywhere and
everywhere: Your home or the home of other faithful believers or
any premise will suffice to serve you as a Church if the need arises
And you who henceforth "seek first The Kingdom of God and His
Righteousness," will neither need to pray nor even to wait
for the unexpected multiple replenishment of the GOOD, but "All
these things that the Gentiles seek shall be added to you, for,
Your Heavenly Father knows that you need all these things even before
you ask Him." (Matt. 6/8, 32-33.)
Wish you in prayer all the best, especially the inspiration and
guidance of the all-pervasive, omni-potent and omni-present Holy
N'bure-Id Ermias K. WoldeYesus, Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom
Exchanges of views on the Faith of Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God via Enoch of Selam for Ethiopia website
Six Emails from S. GirmaTsion with
|First Email from Kefle-Yohannes:-
I was reading one of the responses you gave to somebody on
this [Q & A] page and I did not quite understand what you
were saying about the Kebra Negast. Are you saying it is a credible
source originating from faithful Fathers or that it is a foreign
diversion imported with a motive? please clarify that for me.
|Our Response to the First Email
Our answer to your question goes in line with your last alternative
statement, i.e., yes, "the Kibre Negest" could be
labeled as "a foreign diversion imported [and corrupted]
with a [sinister] motive".
|Second Email from Kefle-Yohannes:-
I wonder how exactly you have arrived to that conclusion,
is there a particular evidence within or without the text? which
guides you to say this, I'll be honest I read the translation
by Miguel.F.Brooks and I got a hint of strange undertones which
seem not to be in line with our Ethiopian Orthodox Tradition,
Im sorry i can't quote any particular verses, I would be thankful
if you could clarify whether you have a solid case against the
Also if the Kebra Negast is unreliable what does that mean
for the faithful who for 700 years or so that have referred to
it as an authority?
|Our Response to the 2nd Email
from Kefle Yohannes:-
Just to itemize in brief few of the general points of contention
that vindicate the question of why the Kibre Negest, in its current
form, could be labeled as "a foreign diversion imported [and
corrupted] with a [sinister] motive", I present you the following:
1. It is not the original and the authentic Ethiopian version
in Ge'ez. The author of this text is a Copt; as such, the present
document is a product of several subsequent translations and editions
by foreigners: Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic and finally English.
2. No mention is there or reference made in it at all of, even
the name let alone the account of, Melche-Zedeq, who is the Archetype
of "the Children of God", Priest of The Most High God,
King of Salem, Mentor of Abraham, Founder of Ethiopianhood and
Precursor of Jesus Christ. Such deliberate ommission of the Ethiopian
Melche-Zedeq from the book was made in order to supplant the cause
of Judaism in the place Ethiopianhood which precedes the latter.
This perversion amounts to gross transgression to The Divine Truth
of The Holy Covenant perpetrated by the Jews and their proponents.
3. Ham and his son Canaan are portrayed therein as ones who were
cursed by God to be eternally slaves to Shem and his descendants.
This allegation is immensely highlighted in the text contrary
to the Ethiopian Faith of The Holy Covenant that adopts the blessed
equality and unity of all the three sons of Noah in the Person
of Melche-Zedeq, the Prime Patriarch chosen to exemplify Ethiopianhood
and The Incarnate Son of God.
4. Eventhough the final episode in it relates about Jesus Christ,
the Eternal King, reigning in the Kingdom of God as "The
King of Ethiopia", it conveys only the glorification of Israel,
and not that of Ethiopia at all.
5. Contrary to the unequivocal assertion of the Ethiopian Faith
and Tradition of The Holy Covenant, as well as of the Word of
God in Scriptures, Mekedda, the saintly and legendary Queen of
Ethiopia, known universally as "Queen of Sheba" and
acclaimed by Our Lord Himself as "The Queen of the South",
is dismally, blatantly and wrongly depicted therein as one who
does not know the God of Israel and worse of all degraded to the
extent of even to be labeled as a worshipper of the sun.
6. The compilers of these versions, if they did not intentionally
commit such distortions, they seem to forget the Biblical Facts
that Abram, the then idol worshipper, in order to be renamed as
Abraham, acquired the Knowledge of God and the way of worshipping
God as well as the rite of circumcision from his contemporary,
the Ethiopian Melche-Zedeq.
The same Biblical Fact applies to the case of Moses who, by the
Will of God, migrated from Egypt into Ethiopia where he learned
and knew about God as well as the systems of worship and government
from the Ethiopian Priest Jethro whose daughter, named Sippara,
married Moses and bore him two sons.
7. We, True Ethiopians of The Holy Covenant, accept and rely,
not on that written by humans, but only and only on what Our God
of The Holy Covenant inscribed on our hearts and minds by The
Holy Spirit in accordance with His Divine Word that reads: "I
will put My Laws into their hearts, and in their minds, I will
wtite them." Any and every word, decree, rule, regulation,
law, canon or constitution or anything made and written by humans
that is incompatible with the Divine One referred to above is
rendered null and void.
Don't you perceive and recognize the reality of what the Kibre-Negest
you seem to uphold did to Ethiopia and the Ethiopians for centuries
on end, even to this day, due to its defective nature and the
multitude of travesties that it carries in contradiction to that
of The Divine Truth of The Holy Covenant? Is it not the source
and cause of all these adverse vicissitudes that the country and
its people bear now and before?
The prime and ultimate crucial consequence of this national ordeal
and the price the generations paid is reflected in the abandonement
of God's Protection that ensued a multitude of afflictions and
tribulations of physical, mental and spiritual nature that Ethiopia
and Ethiopians underwent and still experience: The prevalence
of Godlessness, idolatry, sorcery and satanism of all sorts, thus,
unfaithfulness to The Divine Covenant, to spouse and family, to
fellow individuals, to society, to country which constitutes treason,
all that resulted in various kinds of internal conflicts and warfare,
fratricidal bloodshed, persecution and exile, pestilence, famine,
starvation and destitution, to be followed by national deterioration
and disintegration, finally to end up in the desolation and demise
of all the age-long religious, social, economic and political
fabrics on which "the Ethiopia of the Kibre-Negest"
was founded and built upon for centuries on end. This reality
had been quite obviously and universally witnessed in the catastrophic
downfall and the ongoing misery of the present generation of the
late Atsie Haile-Sellassie.
Such is the lagacy of the ungodly human-made Kibre-Negest version
that remained in force and authoritative to this day upon the
so-called people of Ethiopia.
I do not want to go any further and provide you with more details
on this issue, because it does not worth it. The bottomline of
our contention is condensed in the following assertion: Any prevailing
discrepancy that exists in the currently known edition of the
Kibre-Negest that is not compatible with our Ethiopian Faith of
The Holy Covenant amounts to denial of the Divine Truth, and is,
therefore, unacceptable, and finally rendered null and void, as
far as the True Ethiopians of The Holy Covenant are concerned.
I hope you have acquired by now the knowledge of The Divine Truth
about Ethiopia, the Ethiopians and Ethiopianhood of The Holy Covenant
and, as such, of The Kingdom of God through the commendable effort
you might have made to read, not only the Q & A Forum of our
website, but also the books and the other materials, particularly
those contents in the FAITH Forum, published therein. If you did
not do so, I urge you to do exacty that. In that case, you will
not need to write me again on this subject.
|Email From Qale-Ab:-
First I want to give deep and great thanks for NIBURE ID.
I have all of your books and they are a guide for my life. I
have few questions:
1.Are you alive (because no one is telling us)?
2.If you are alive where are you living?
3.There are rumors that you are a Kibate, are You?
|Our Response to the Email of
I am glad to learn that you had all my books and read them. I
rejoice in particular because of the fact that, through the inspiration
and guidance of the Holy Spirit, you understood and accepted the
Message of The Divine Truth they conveyed to you, thus proving
to have served you to the extent of being "a guide for your
life." Glory be to God and to His Holy Mother, The Virgin
Mary for ordaining them for such fruitful outcome on the life
of an Ethiopian like yourself!
Here is the answer to your few questions:
1. Because I am an Ethiopian of The Holy Covenant, I remain eternally
alive, praise be to God. If you mean to ask whether I live in
the temporal and physical body of the flesh, yes, I still move
around and serve you, as you perceive for yourself by receiving
my present response to your email.
2. I live with my family in my birth place and home of Addis Abeba,
Ethiopia. I also travel once in a while to USA where there are
Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant that require and deserve my service.
3. There is no such thing like Q'b'at or Tse'gga or any other
categorization and branding that imply discord and sectarianism
in the Ethiopian Faith of The Holy Covenant. We are simply ONE
within our individual self and with each one of our fellow Ethiopians
of the Holy Covenant, as well as with Our God of the Holy Trinity
and with Our Holy Mother of God The Virgin Mary in the Sacred
Mystery of the Ethiopian TEWAH'DO.
N'bure-Id Ermias Kebbede Welde-Iyesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
Five E-mails from S. GirmaTsion & Our Responses
|Email from S'leshi & Our
|Email from Yonatan & Our
|Email from S'leshineh &
|Email from Sammy:
Can I listen any Mezmur in Fasiga Tsom or I have to listen
only (yen'seha mezmure)? I know inside church we only listen
yen'seha mezmure. My questin is out of church?
In Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, there is no restriction imposed
on members not to listen to any kind of Mezmur outside of the
Church, as long as the Message of the Mezmur is appropriate
to and in line with our Ethiopian Tewahdo Covenantal Faith,
except, of course, during the Holy Week of Hmamat [the Remembrance
and Participation of the Passion of Christ] at which time we
ought to be engaged only in the Songs of Prayers and Supplications
of H'mamat which will be posted on our website then.
|Email from Bean (Kidane S'llassie):-
Thanking you for the most memorable night of my life at
which occasion I had the priviledge of participating in the
Church Service, we will be seeking, as promised, to visit Washington
DC as soon as possible, in order to take penance, communion,
and to partake in a feast with you.
In response to your prospect of coming to Washington DC in
order to take penance and communion, I would like to reiterate
to you the basics of our Faith in this regard: You and I have
to lead our lives believing that Our Sole True Confessor, Priest
and Arch-Priest is Jesus Christ Himself; that we, the True Believers,
and each and everyone of us, are, respectfully, Priests as well
as Temples of God, ordained and anointed by The Holy Spirit
Himself. Whenever circumdtances demand, even our Home is Divinely
sanctified to become and serve us as our Church by the simple
precence of our person.
If there seems to be a necessity for you to attend a Church
Service, you may go to any Christian Church near by you, or,
to be more specific for that matter, to any Ethiopian Orthodox
Tewah'do Church, and partake the Holy Communion there and then:
You must be one who Truely Believes that it is solely your Worship
in True Faith and The Holy Spirit, and not that of the Priest,
the Congregation and the Church building, that transforms the
Bread and the Wine into The Flesh and The Blood of Jesus Christ.
If this is the case, why bother yourself to take the trouble
of travelling to Washington DC in order to find me, an untrustworthy
frail human being, unworthy for the Holy Priesthood that is
only consummated in the Divine Person of Jesus Christ, born
from the Blessed Perfect Human Mother, The Virgin Mary for the
conduct of Penance; and partake the Holy Communion?
Such Grace of God and such Holy Stance of Divine Worship of
the Believer render all this cumbersome burden of human creation
So, inspired and strengthened by such Words of God, keep going
in discharging your present multi-facetted duties and responsibilities
wherever you are with your dedication to the service of Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God.
We pray for your welbeing, spiritually, mentally and physically.
|Email from Rashad c/o email@example.com:-
I wanted to share two things:
1) The first thing I want to share is a video of a brother in
Shashamane, Ethiopia, giving testimony to how he has come to
understand that Haile Selassie was an Ethiopian Orthodox Christian
and not Lord and Savior of this world. He has embraced Ethiopian
Orthodox Tewahedo and Egziebher Amlak (Iyesu Kristo) as Creator
And Savior. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Lsa67lI9QQ
2) I wanted to give thanks and gratitude to Ethiopia: The
Kingdom of God Services for providing information about Ethiopia
and its religious, spiritual faith, traditions, and history.
It has helped give me insight and strengthened my understanding
and commitment to the foundations of Tewahedo: the Oneness of
"Ethiopia: The Classic Case" was uplifiting. It emphasized
the foundations of Tewahedo and did not preach Colonialism and
Church Politics that distorts Ethiopia and the Conquering Lion's
Divine Purpose. My heart is open to receive the Love and Teaching
of our Holy Mother and Father. Ancient Ethiopia is a composite
of all the tribes and colors of humanity calling for awakened
people's solidarity in the name of Egziebher Amlak's Kingdom
of Eternal Love. I have been looking for Laws of God that preserve
humanity's ancient history/ancestry and ever evolving purpose
on Earth as in Heaven. I am glad to have been given the gift
of Ethiopia: The Clasic Case.
I am looking for other brothers and sisters to build community
with that share the same heart. Also, I love the flag with the
Divine Seal of Ethiopia (Mariam & The Conquering Lion of
The Tribe of Judah). Where can I get a flag like this?
Thank you firstname.lastname@example.org for conveying and sharing
with us the message of kind and encouraging words expressed
in the aforementioned email by Mr. Rashad.
With the view to compound our appreciation for the latter's
expression of favourable appraisal of our book Ethiopia: The
Classic Case, please be informed that we have sent a copy of
this email to Mr. Rashad.
As to the flag with the Divine Seal, one has to place an order
at any flag-manufacturing workshop to be made according to the
same design printed in the book.
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
Email from Timotheos:
Glory to Jesus Christ! Greetings N'bure-Id!
I am glad to have found this site. I am an Irish-American
convert to the Eastern Orthodox faith. I have a few questions:
1. Can you tell me why you often specify "Ethiopian"
prefixed before the name of the most holy Theotokos [Mother of
God]? I have not seen or heard this in any Orthodox setting in
14 years since I was chrismated.
2. When you say "Ethiopian", do you refer to all people?
Could I, with celtic Irish descent then be considered Ethiopian?
3. The final section of the Kebra Negast prophecizes that the
Kingdom of "Rome" and "Ethiopia" will be united
under one emperor. Has this prophecy been fulfilled?
4. Did His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I call all Orthodox
churches to hold an ecumenical council and unite, including the
5. When it's stated on this site that Ethiopia has kept faith
in God unbroken since Adam and Eve, how does this fit in with
Ethiopian tradition that seems to indicate the Ethiopian nation
were sun worshippers before Queen Makeda?
Thanks and peace be unto you.
Dear Mr. Timotheos:
Here are the concise answers to your five questions:
1) The designation of "Ethiopia" or "Ethiopian"
implies "any and everything that pertain to the Holy Covenant
that The Trinity God made with the whole realm of Creation of
Humanity from the Initial Antiquity of Adam and Eve to the Ultimate
Eternity of The Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ. Who else can possibly
be "Ethiopia" or fits each and all its references
in Scriptures, such as, "Ethiopia shall soon stretch out
her hands unto God!" and "Are ye not as children of
the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD."
except The Virgin Mary, the perfect and consummate personification
of Ethiopia, Ethiopian and Ethiopianhood? (Psalm 68:31; Amos
The reason why you "have not seen or heard this in any
Orthodox setting in 14 years since" you were "chrismated"
is simply because none of these so-called Orthodox Churches,
individually or collectively (ecumenically), was faithful or
courageous enough to reveal the Divine Truth about Ethiopia,
the Ethiopians and Ethiopianhood.
2) When we say "Ethiopian", we do refer to all people,
including you, with Celtic Irish descent, and are considered
to be Ethiopian, if they, TRULY accept and believe, individually
and/or communally, in the Faith of the Holy Covenant that comprises
the Seven Divine (Biblical) Covenants, and live according to
the tenets of the same, as described in our books and the literatures
posted on our web site.
3) Even for anyone who recognizes the Kebra Negast as an authentic
authority, "the final section of its prophecy that the
Kingdom of 'Rome' and 'Ethiopia' will be united under one emperor"
has been fulfilled long ago by the Revelation of the Kingdom
of God in the Incarnation of Our Priestly King Jesus Christ
in the Womb of Our Motherly Queen The Holy Virgin Mary. The
so-called "prophecy" is simply long overdue awaiting
acknowledgement by humanity "of the Divine Living and Everlasting
Reality that already took place two millenniums ago".
Such unfortunate scenario seems to continue to prolong the perception
of the whole unbelieving and sinful, rebellious and wicked,
adulterous and blasphemous human generation on Earth until the
Imminent Second Advent and Final Revelation of the aforementioned
Divine Phenomenon made itself manifest to the same humanity
of the material world.
4) As far as our knowledge goes, Atsie Haile Selassie I did
not call all Orthodox Churches to hold an ecumenical council
and unite, including the "Chalcedonian" Churches,
except only those five Oriental Orthodox Churches that he convened
in Addis Abeba, the Capital City of Ethiopia, towards the end
of his demise. Those Churches are the Armenian, the Coptic,
the Ethiopian, the Indian and the Syrian, that are intercommunion
with each other.
5) With regard to your last question that reads, "When
it's stated on this site that Ethiopia has kept faith in God
unbroken since Adam and Eve, how does this fit in with Ethiopian
tradition that seems to indicate the Ethiopian nation were sun
worshippers before Queen Makeda?" the answer is quite obvious
for anyone who is well versed and objective about the Ethiopian
We hope you know who compiled the Kebra Negast that documents
such vilifying and satanic falsehood against Ethiopia, the Ethiopians
and more specifically against their illustrious Saintly Queen
Makeda. Yes, the leading perpetrator of this insidious stratagem
is none but the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox Church. Now, you
may visualize the notion of some of the so-called sister Orthodox
Churches, more significantly the Coptic, as to how they are
preoccupied and engaged in inciting and promoting campaigns
of smear against all that pertains to Ethiopia. Such attitude
and act goes even to the extent of contradicting the Word of
God that is enshrined in the Holy Bible. (1kings 10/1-13; 2Chr.
There, that famous episode of the True Faith and Love the Ethiopians,
including their legendary Queen Makeda, have for God is explicitly
recorded, with such virtues effectively demonstrated by the
Holy Pilgrimage the same Ethiopian Queen undertook with her
vast entourage to Jerusalem and the words she uttered there
and then. The unwarranted and flagrant defamation directed against
the esteemed Queen Makeda of whom, as the whole world knows,
Our Lord Jesus Christ highly and prophetically spoke, was rendered
not only futile, but a sacrilege that deserves eternal condemnation
upon those adversaries of the Incarnate God as well as the authors
of the Kebra Negast. (Matt. 12/42)
Of course, there were periods when past Ethiopian generations
were subjected to dominations under the yoke of, not only sun
worshippers, but also various evil forces and hostile powers,
domestic and foreign, as well as pagan invaders. Such predicaments
of the nation always resulted from the relentless and unrepentant
violations of any of the conditions of the Holy Covenants by
those Ethiopian generations that definitely provoked the justification
of those Divine Chastisements. The current situation, in which
the present Ethiopian generation is afflicted with and engulfed
in bears witness to such Divine Judgment. For the details of
this information, you need to refer at least to one of our books
posted on our web site, particularly the English version entitled
Ethiopia: The Classic Case that may be conducive to you.
The unscathed continuous and everlasting existence of Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God was and is by no means ever affected by any
of those past and present vicissitudes in which all those Ethiopian
generations suffered, including the recent and successive apostate
governments of the late Atsie Haile-Sellassie, the atheistic
communist junta, called "Derg" that brought about
the demise of the latter, and the incumbent military power that
consequently toppled the Derg through the insurgency of some
local militant groups.
As such, viewed from the Ethiopian perspective, the current
Three Houses of the People, of the Priesthood, i.e., the so-called
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewah'do Church, and of the Government, are
all condemned to the Divine Excommunication that resulted from
their allied and conspiratorial sinful act of denial and violations
of the Holy Covenant. While this remains to be the fate of those
culprits of the evil, Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, in accordance
with the Word of The Holy Spirit foretold by Our Lord Jesus
Christ, continues to exist and function bringing to fulfillment
the final stage of proclaiming universally the Gospel of the
Kingdom of God, that heralds the Second Advent of the Eternal
Priestly King Jesus Christ and His Holy Mother Queen, The Virgin
Mary. At such juncture, "The Queen of the South [Makeda=Ethiopia]
will rise up in the judgment with this generation, and condemn
it; for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom
of Solomon; and indeed, a greater than Solomon is here."
To this effect, we need to recall the Apostle's Epistle in which
he referred to the same situation concerning the Israelites,
when he said, "I say then, has God cast away His people?
Certainly not. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham,
of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not cast away His people whom
He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah,
how he pleads with God against Israel, saying, 'Lord, they have
killed Your Prophets, and torn down Your Altars, and I alone
am left, and they seek my life?' But what does the Divine Response
say to him? 'I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who
have not bowed the knee to Baal.' Even so then, at this present
time, there is a remnant according to the election of grace."
Yes, that same inference applies to the past, present and future
state of the Ethiopian case.
So, let us always rely only on what is God's and not on what
is of humans', and be willing to receive the inspiration and
guidance of The Holy Spirit!
Email from Abesha Israel:
Greetings dear Nibure Id Ermias!
1. How should we follow the Commandments of Leviticus as
to the cutting of the hair and of the beard? Could you give
me the true Ethiopian translation of those verses?
2. At which times prostration is forbidden, when is it permitted?
3. There exist any form of Sacrifice in the EOTC [Ethiopian
Orthodox Tewahdo Church] as those of food and first fruits prescribed
in the Law?
4. The Garden of Eden, Guennete, was watered by four rivers,
that came out of the earth right in the centre of the Garden,
namely out of Lake Tana Ethiopia. Why don't those rivers flow
out of one single and common source? In fact only Ghion flows
out of Lake Tana, while Pison, Tigris and Euphrates don't. And,
did the Garden of Eden extend over the whole earth, Americas,
Europe, Asia and Oceania included?
5. What does it mean that the first Man and Woman were blind
and did not see their nakedness? If they were blind how could
they see the trees "pleasent to their sight"? I would
like you to explain me their being blind and naked. Why nakedness
is sin while the first were naked? Thank you. AbeshaIsrael
Dear Abesha Israel:
Here are brief answers to your questions:
1. a) As Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant whose way of life had
originated from the time of Adam and Eve and continued naturally
in line with the need and will of the individual, we never bothered
on issues like "the Commandments of Leviticus as to the
cutting of the hair and of the beard" even in the era of
the Old Testament, let alone now in time of the New Testament
when all human made customs and burdens were all abolished by
the Sacrifice and Atonement of the Incarnate God, The Lord Jesus
Christ, born of the Holy Ethiopian Virgin Mary. The aforementioned
commandments you referred to remain the concern of those who
rejected Jesus Christ and still call themselves Jews.
b) Yes, we "can give you the true Ethiopian translation
verses" that reads, "Yeras Tegurach'hun'm zuriaw'n
att'kerk'mut; Timach'hun'm zuriaw'n att'qureTut." (Lev.
2. A total of seven periodic prostrations is the normal daily
ritual that should be observed at every opening of any and all
individual and/or collective prayers: Once and three times of
prostration in worship for The One God in Trinity, once in veneration
of The Holy Virgin Mary, Mother of God, once for the Holy Crucifixion,
once for the Holy Saints and the Holy Angels.
More than that number of prostrations are forbidden on The Sabbath
(Saturday) that extends to and includes Sunday, as well as during
the Holy Seasons of the forty days after the Birthday of the
Holy Mother of God and of Jesus Christ (Christmas) that fall
on Meskerem 1st, on the Holiday of Incarnation that is observed
on Tah'sas 1st, during the eleven days after the Celebration
of T'mqet (Epiphany), during the fifty days that start off on
the Sunday of Resurrection and end up on the Sunday of Pentecost,
and the fifteen days after the Commemoration Day of the Resurrection
of St. Mary, that falls on the 16th of Nehassie. Other than
these intervals, it is left to the discretion of the individual
believer to limit the times and numbers of the daily prostrations
conducive to ones wish, competence and convenience.
3. There exists no any other form of Sacrifice, like those of
food and first fruits prescribed in the Law of the Old Testament,
that is practiced in Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, and, as far
as we know, even in the EOTC, except the Holy Eucharist, i.e.,
the Offering in Bread of the New Testament and the Wine.
4. According to Scriptures and their Divine interpretations
as accepted by Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, the "MIST",
cited in the quotation that says "There went up a mist
from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground [that
extends over the whole earth, Americas, Europe, Asia and Oceania
included] is construed to be the "RIVER'' that created
Lake Tana, and "went out of Eden [Lake Tana and its hinterland]
to water the garden [Ethiopia],and from thence it was parted,
and became into four heads. The name of the first [west of Lake
Tana] is Pison [NeCH Abbay = White Nile] that is it which compasseth
the whole land of Havilah [parts of Central and East African
region], where there is gold; and the gold of that land is good:
there is bdellium and the onyx stone. And the name of the second
river is Gihon [T'qur Abbay = Blue Nile] the same is it that
compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. And [east of Lake Tana]
the name of the third river is Hiddekel [Tigris]: that is it
which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river
is Euphrates." If one takes alternatively into account
the actual state of the geographical condition of the case,
the present Tekkezie (that traverses the province of Tigre)
and Atbara are considered to be the last two rivers mentioned
above respectively. The construal of the MIST as the RIVER goes
in line with those of "the tree of life and the tree of
knowledge of good and evil" that "the LORD God made
the ground to grow in the midst of the garden" that served
as metaphorical representations of The Virgin Mary and Adam
respectively. (Gen. 2/6-17, KJ version)
5. Here are the Biblical quotations relevant to the point in
question that contain expressions and particular words that
have allegorical implications in their contexts, along with
those aforementioned in item 4: "And the LORD God commanded
the man [Adam], saying,'Of the tree of the knowledge of good
and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou
eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.' ...And they [Adam and
Eve] were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
Now the serpent [the Devil]...said unto the woman, 'Yea, hath
God said, 'Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?' And
the woman said unto the serpent, 'We may eat of the fruit of
the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree which
is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, 'Ye shall not
eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent
said unto the woman, 'Ye shall not surely die: For God doth
know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be
opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.' And
when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that
it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make
one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave
also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. And the eyes
of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked;
and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons."
Gen. 2/16-25, 3/1-7)
Adam and Eve were created and initially reside in Gennet [Garden
of Eden = Paradise] blessed and clothed with the Divine Grace
of Godliness. Prior to their Fall, their living status was somewhat
like, and even in an elevated condition than that of the Angles,
free of the need of material garments to cover up themselves.
When they violated the commandments of God, they were stripped
off the Divine Grace that superbly swathed them so far, and
realized their complete nakedness, which amounted to their expulsion
or demise from the Life of Godliness. For, these are the literal
meanings of the figurative Scriptural expressions of "the
eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were
naked;" as well as "in the day that thou eatest thereof
thou shalt surely die."
Adam and Eve had never been inflicted by any physical blindness
at any time of their existence. What they experienced immediately
after their Fall, and as a matter of fact in their latter existence,
and in the whole existence of their offspring, was only a spiritual
blindness; and that ordeal proved to be the destiny entertained
and maintained by the first humans and their descendants own
free will and choice. Up until their Fall, the kind of life
Adam and Eve led was just like that of a child who spends his/her
whole time in full ecstasy under the love and care of the family
without realizing his/her nakedness let alone to feel ashamed
of it. As such, Adam and Eve, before they ate from the tree
of the knowledge of good and evil, did not know even the existence
of Evil let alone to commit Sin, except the Good and Chastity.
It was only then that they acquired the capacity to recognize
the existence of Evil itself along with that of the Good, as
well as to differentiate the Good from the Evil, and to make
the choice between the two extreme and irreconcilable entities,
i.e., the Good and the Evil, finally to commit Sin.
While Adam and Eve were in their Gennet Life of Godliness, they
were enjoying a life of the Good alone where no consciousness
of nakedness and shame ever existed, except only the Goodness
of God, as a result of which no wrongdoing or sin was ever felt
or experienced, and there was nothing to be ashamed of. This
was simply because of the still unadulterated nature of Adam
and Eve that complied with the following Words of Our Lord Jesus
Christ: "And said, Verily I say unto you, 'Except ye be
converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter
into the Kingdom of Heaven. Whosoever therefore shall humble
himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the Kingdom
of Heaven." (Matt. 18/3-4)
Here, it is important to recognize and understand the significance
of the metaphorical implications of the concepts of such words
and expressions like "a mist" as a river; "the
tree of life" as The Virgin Mary;" the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil" as Adam; "the serpent"
as the Devil; "die": to be deprived of the Divine
Life or evicted from heavenly habitation; "shame",
"blindness" and "nakedness": signs of evil
thinking and sinfulness, as explained above in items nos. 4
Email from Senait:
Yes, I have a question about the Ethiopian calendar: Why
is Ethiopia now still in the year of 2001? Why are we 7 years
behind than the rest of the world?
Here is the answer to your question as to why the Ethiopian
Calendar is seven years behind the Gregorian Calendar that the
rest of the world uses, as a result of which we, Ethiopians,
are still in the year of 2001:
The Ethiopian Calendar is the most ancient and the earliest
in the world, because it follows the Biblical way of computation
of time, i.e., the hours, days, weeks, months and years that
originated with the Creation of Adam and Eve. As such and as
it is based on the Divine Truth, it is an integral part of our
religious belief that remains immutable.
However, a Pope of the Catholic Church, named Gregory XIII,
convinced by the proposal of an Italian astronomer known as
Aloysius Lilius, accepted the seven years addition over and
above our Biblical Calendar, and decreed it to be implemented
by his Church on 24 February 1582. Ever since then, the western
world replaced its previous calendar that was called "Julian"
by the new one of the Pope, and began to use the latter, labeling
it as Gregorian.
Email from Hiwot Abebe:
My name is Hiwot, a member of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.
A friend of mine is African Amercian; he is studying the doctrine
of our Church and having a question about the Church practice
like making confession to a priest, and admiring and celebrating
saints day. I know the practice has biblical reference; but
I could not state the exact number from The holy Bible. Could
you please mention each biblical phrase from The Bible?
First of all, we hope you have realized our theocratic status
of entity and identity as Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God, in which
the Ethiopian Church is one of the three integral parts, the
other two being the House of the People and the House of the
Government [the Executive Branch]. As such, we are not, hereby,
answering on behalf of the so-called Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo
Church, which we consider as a branch of the Coptic (Egyptian)
Orthodox Church in Ethiopia.
Trusting that you had read the relevant materials posted in
the various forums, particularly in that of Q&A of our web
site that relate to the essence of your question, and enclosing
one of these pertinent items for your close perusal herein,
the following are the verses that Orthodox and Catholic Churches
usually quote and which you looked for with regard to the aforementioned
requirement indicated in your email: Matt. 8/1-4; 10/40-42;
16/15-19; 18/18; 19/27-30; Jn. 20/21-23.
Email from Ato Sleshineh Gelaneh:
Email from G. Berhan:
Selamta dear Nibure'Id:
I know I once wrote you that my former would have been my last
email to you, but this is a very harsh question, that I really
can't understand. I hope you will answer the same to me, so
that knowledge and Ethiopian wisdom may increase among us.
In the Book of Jubilees, it is written that Adam was made of
the soil of the land called Elda. In fact He was not made of
the Soil of the Garden of Eden. But Tradition tells us that
our first Mother is Ethiopia, Virgin Mary, the Earth Whose womb
bore us in the Origin.
So, the question is: Is Elda the same as Gennet? Are we made
of the soil of the Land of the Garden: Ethiopia?
Here is our explanation to your question: In Scriptures of
G'iz Manuscripts, "Paradise" and "The Garden
of Eden" pertain to the same word of "Gennet"
with reference to "Edom" and "Elda". These
are all designations of the same place "Ethiopia",
where Adam and Eve were created and lived.
In all cases of the various names of the place aforementioned,
the characteristic feature that predominated the phenomenon
was the sudden and complete change of the situation of the status
of the latter, namely, the downfall of Adam and Eve from the
blissful life of Divinity to the miserable fate of humanity.
This condition was brought about by the betrayal of the Word
of God committed by the latter resulting in the withdrawal of
the Divine Grace that previously clothed their person and pervaded
their abode with sublime serenity.
It is not uncommon for a particular place to be called with
various analogous names; for example, the same name and location
of Ethiopia was known in Biblical and ancient times as Midiam,
Nubia, Axum, Kush, Sheba, Habesha (Abyssinia).
N'bure-Id Ermias K. Welde-Iyesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God Services
E-mail from L. Terrefe:
My name is L. Terrefe by citizen an Ethiopian who loves my
country. Currently, am studying Ethiopian History concerning its
religion in the past; so, I am spending my time reading books
and collecting data.
I have been in Kenya for some couple of years, but now am in Addis
since last year; and got your book in Addis when I was looking
for different books. I found it such one book so nice that I have
ever seen since my search for the same, and picked some of points
from it. I am proceeding my collecting of data. God willing, I
plan to put up my writing into a book about Ethiopia.
For this purpose, I am glad to come to know you, and, to introduce
my self to you, whom I consider to be the highest talented man
and who had such great gift to present my lovely country to the
other world in your book of Ethiopia: The Classic Case.
Dear sir, what I would like to share with you at this time is
this: I am looking for someone who can understand my desire on
putting up a book for publishing. So, would you mind if I need
your assistance or co-operation in sponsoring me or getting a
sponsor for such good work?
We admire your pursuit and diligence on the historical
quest for the truth about Ethiopia; and we encourage you to continue
on such endeavour.
Currently, we are confined to the task of publishing our own materials.
This task is undertaken through our direct approach and contact
with various printing presses individually.
As we do not have any reliable enterprise to our knowledge that
would comply with the special interest and need you mentioned
in your email, the advice we are presently capable to provide
you with is for you to do the same in your case, until we may
be in a position to notify you of any new development in this
regard that would arise in our future program.
Please visit our web site if you did not do so until now. The
address is: www.ethkogserv.org.
E-mail from Solomon T. M.:
In the name of God, can you help me with the
following article, which I found from the Internet? It confused
me. Please help!
"Originally intended to send this paper to a professional
journal, I changed my mind because its message deserves to be
read by a wider public. And since the best way to reach a wider
public is through the Web, I sent the paper to popular Ethiopian
websites without altering its academic form and diluting its contents,
except for some theoretical ramifications.
"In many ways, the ideas that Aleqa Aseres Yenesew develops
in the book that I am analyzing directly deal with the problems
that Ethiopia and Ethiopian society face today. The book is highly
interesting because it suggests that the mess we are in now has
its seed in the adoption of a wrong educational policy since the
end of the Italian war.
"Asres proposes solutions in which he discloses the elementary
fact that the heritage of a legacy and the assumption of a common
destiny define a nation rather than its ethnic or linguistic oneness.
He shows this in his defense of Ge'ez language: For him, this
Tigrean legacy is the essence of Ethiopian identity. Consequently,
what makes you Ethiopian is less your identity as Amhara (he himself
is an Amhara of Gojjam) than the heritage of Ge'ez legacy. Unity
lies in the acceptance of a common heritage and destiny. But what
about the southern peoples of Ethiopia who do not trace their
identity back to Ge'ez?
"Here, Asres advances a bold assertion by questioning the
Western qualification of Ge'ez as a Semitic language that invaders
from South Arabia brought with them. He emphatically argues that
Ethiopians are black and that Ge'ez is an African language. For
him, the Semitic thesis is a Western machination intended to create
a divide between northern and southern Ethiopia.
"The direction of history is clear: The torch of Ge'ez 'which
is then an idea, a Divine Mission, and not an ethnic identity'
must pass to southern peoples. And it cannot do so unless Ethiopians
present themselves as the descendants of Ham. The objection that
Asres's reasoning lacks scientific credibility because it is filled
with biblical references and argumentations would miss the important
point that what matters in this case is not that facts justify
the discourse, but whether the discourse is empowering, whether
it organizes the world in such a way that it gives us strength,
unity, and historical destiny. Besides, one can take away the
biblical content and only retain the logic of national unity and
"When I wrote my book, Survival and Modernization, I was
not even remotely aware of Asres's works. Yet, what a delightful
surprise when I discovered that many of my findings reproduce
Asres's thought! I take this opportunity to thank Aleme Tadesse
for introducing me to Asres's writings.
"The opposition of traditional scholars
to the proliferation of modern schools is a fact known to all
those who are familiar with the difficult beginning of Ethiopia's
modernization. Besides the opposition of the nobility and the
Church hierarchy, traditional scholars known as Debtera had used
all their influence to convince the country of the perilous nature
of Western education. Emperor Haile Sellassie and those who supported
him often had to battle energetically to neutralize their opposition.
"To the youngsters sent to Western schools before and soon
after the Italian invasion of 1935, the opposition of the Debtera
appeared as a pathetic attempt to stop what was unstoppable, namely,
the march of the long-awaited modernization of Ethiopia . They
easily figured out that the Debtera's ignorance of the modern
world and the anger against the loss of their traditional influence
aroused the resistance. To them, the defense of the traditional
schooling betrayed the most stubborn form of traditionalism, which
was nothing else but a wrong-headed endeavor to shield Ethiopia
from the benefits of modernization in the name of tradition and
the status quo.
"In retrospect, the judgment of the early students appears
misplaced and irresponsible. True, the Debtera had a major weakness,
which was that they opposed Western schools without suggesting
any other alternative. They were unable to tell how Ethiopia could
modernize without adopting Western rationality, science, and technology,
the very virtues that the traditional knowledge had, if not condemned,
at least ignored. More yet, the Debtera did not seem to understand
how necessary modernization was for the maintenance of Ethiopia's
independence. Especially after the dreadful episode of the Italian
occupation, which made palpable the dependence of Ethiopia's survival
on rapid modernization, the defense of traditionalism could not
be characterized as nothing other than foolish blindness.
"Granted these legitimate criticisms, granted also that traditionalism
was incompatible with survival, the fact remains that the condemnation
of the opposition of the Debtera was singularly one-sided and
hardly clever. Notably, it missed the core message of the opposition,
to wit, that the zeal to appropriate Western knowledge and know-how
may result in the loss of the very independence that it wants
to protect. Such is the vigorous message that emanates from one
of Asres Yenesew's books titled Useful Advice.1
"Asres 'a senior cleric and a leading scholar of the Ethiopian
Church' lived at a time when Haile Sellassie was forcefully pushing
for the spread of modern education to the detriment of traditional
schools. Undoubtedly, Asres was traditionalist with all the fibers
of his soul. For instance, he literally accepted the biblical
story of the creation of man and the earth and, as we shall see,
his arguments are often biblical. He believed in the magical power
of certain plants against devilish forces.2
"What cannot be taken away from him, however, was that the
need to benefit and empower Ethiopia fully inspired his traditionalism.
He was sincerely convinced that the best weapon against the marginalization
of Ethiopia by Western powers was the revival of some core traditional
THE TRADITIONAL INTELLECTUAL
"Written with essentially children and youngsters
in mind, Asres's Useful Advice contains, as the title indicates,
analyses of some dangerous developments and recommendations on
how to neutralize them, all drawn from the stock of traditional
beliefs. It is a defense of tradition, but less to shield tradition
against external contaminations than to present it as the best
antidote against ominous developments. It is a plea for a return
to the source in the face of dangerous trends.
"Explaining why he wrote the book, Asres alludes to his concern
about what he saw and observed and his 'obligation to present
his reflections to the public.' 4 His attempt to counter threats
leads him not only to defend tradition, but also to reveal the
deep meanings of some of its beliefs, which meanings appear today
quite revolutionary in light of the extensive endeavor to denounce
Eurocentrism and weaken its grip on third-world intellectual productions.
"In direct connection with his felt obligation to write,
Asres underlines the social function of intellectuals and writers.
He compares the writer to an army intelligence officer: A people
without intellectuals are unable to protect themselves, just as
'an army without intelligence is likely to surrender to the enemy
before it undertakes anything.' 5 To make the parallel clearer,
he adds that a people without intellectuals are like a bee that
is unable to find flowers: 'just as a bee cannot make honey unless
it absorbs the nectar of flowers, so too a people without intellectuals
cannot achieve knowledge, diligence, and progress.' 6
"This definition of the intellectual places Ethiopia in an
obvious context of threat and war. Intellectuals are the scouts
or the outposts of their society, and as such responsible for
scrutinizing the surrounding world. Interestingly, the allusion
to flowers and bees seem to suggest that the author has no quarrel
with the Western world, provided that Ethiopians are able to extract
the nectar by separating the benefits of the modern world from
its detriments. The responsibility of separating the good from
the bad falls on intellectuals whose role is thus to filter external
"This exploratory role confirms that the great and vital
function of intellectuals is to look after their society. What
defines them is their national function, which compels them to
rise above factions and special interests. While kings rule, warriors
fight, peasants produce, priests pray, intellectuals reflect on
what is good and bad; they represent the small but advanced garrison
protecting the society from malefic and dissolving forces.
"Notice how Asres's view widely departs from the position
of many Ethiopian intellectuals today whose ethnicization deprives
them of any national stature by making them the representatives
of particular groups. They are not the outpost of national unity
and survival, but the launch pad of internal divisions and conflicts.
"The characterization of intellectuals as scouts of their
society says a lot about the traditional state of mind. It reveals
the mentality of a society trapped in a hostile environment and
compelled to be on a constant guard, not only against military
invasions, but also against foreign ideas.
'To be sure, this definition of the intellectual must be related
with the mission that the Ethiopian society assigned to itself.
We know the mission to be the guardianship of the True Faith,
itself derived from the belief that Ethiopians are God's Chosen
People.7 Some such mission requires that intellectuals assume
the role of watchdog by protecting the society against ideological
infiltrations damaging to the mission.
"We see here a function of the traditional intellectual that
is quite different from its modern understanding. Modern intellectuals
are expected to examine critically their own society so as to
remove obstacles to progress through the spread of enlightened
ideas. Above all, nothing should hamper their critical investigation,
which therefore constitutes their primary function.
"Not so with traditional Ethiopian intellectuals: Their preoccupation
is more with external threats, and at times with internal developments
harmful to the religious mission, as when an Ethiopian king espouses
a different religion. So defined, the task of intellectuals is
never to question the mission, which exists only through the acceptance
of the tradition that bequeaths it, but to defend the mission
against external and internal enemies.
"I hasten to add that traditional intellectuals are not devoid
of critical mind but that their criticisms are directed against
alien doctrines and dissident views. What is encouraged is self-defense,
less so self-examination. Such an orientation does not mean that
changes and improvements do not occur, since self-defense does
not entirely exclude self-examination. You cannot efficiently
defend yourself unless you agree to some corrections and refinements,
even at times to some reinterpretations.
"Still, the movement is not dialectical in the Hegelian sense
of the word where thesis and antithesis fight and move toward
a synthesis. The defensive goal never ventures into an antithetical
position; it simply focuses on improving the original belief without
ever integrating opposition. It is more about improving, polishing
the original belief than transforming or altering it.
"A good example of refinements of belief is found in the
various conflictual encounters of Christian churches with scientific
discoveries. Every time science counters biblical statements,
interpretations and refinements are provided that tone down the
conflict. Thus, the story of God's Creation of the world in seven
days is made consonant with the theory of evolution through the
suggestion that days should be taken as a symbolic expression,
that actually they mean longer periods of time, perhaps millions
of years. The belief is not challenged; it undergoes some improvements
whereby it is made acceptable to a modern person.
"In the same line, Asres's definition refers to the tradition
of Ethiopian intellectuals entrusted with the mission of defending
transmitted beliefs. They are not critics of the tradition; they
are its guardians. As such, they enjoy great prestige and some
autonomy, which is necessary for the defensive purpose. They are
literally the lighthouses of society: The Ethiopian state is appropriately
ready to defend itself and accomplish its mission only when the
warnings of intellectuals guide the military mobilization of kings
and their warriors against external and internal threats.
THE RENEGADE INTELLECTUAL
"After underlining the traditional role
of intellectuals, Asres deals with what he considers as the greatest
betrayal in Ethiopia's long history, that is, the transformation
of the Westernized Ethiopian intellectual into an ally of the
colonization of Ethiopia. In a statement that is most revolutionary,
he bluntly declares: 'Although Italy's army was driven out, its
politics was not.' 8 In other words, the military defeat of the
colonizer has not put an end to the colonial project. It has simply
compelled Westerners to proceed cautiously and to use other more
"Chief among such means of preserving their original design
is modern schooling. That is why they were so eager to open schools
and send teachers. What better means was there for realizing their
colonial project than the propagation of their books and the creation
of a Westernized Ethiopian elite? So firmly convinced is Asres
that the so-called modern intellectuals are but the instrument
of Ethiopia's colonization in default of military means that he
asks: What else is their role but 'to appropriate and expand what
originates from the enemy and pass it on to youngsters?' 9
"As a result, Ethiopia faces the greatest danger of all time
since those whose task was to provide protection now side with
the enemy. When the patrols of the society turn into deserters,
its defensive capacity is utterly shattered. This ominous transformation
occurred when the guardians of tradition turned into its critics
under the instigation of Western teachers and books.
"Let us reflect for a moment on the magnitude of this transformation.
To change intellectuals into turncoats, Western education had
first to 'denationalize their mind' by encouraging individualism
and social ambition.10 In thus isolating them from the rest of
the community and inducing frustration over their place in the
social hierarchy, Western teachers changed them into rebels. Whereas
the traditional intellectual completely endorsed the social hierarchy,
mainly because he knew what justifies it, Westernized Ethiopians
are essentially unhappy with it because they have been talked
into thinking that the exposure to Western education alone should
determine status and authority.
"The first target of this rebellious mind is the traditional
knowledge, especially the education of the Ge'ez language, which
is now derogatorily labeled as 'priestly education.' 11 No better
way could be found to instill contempt for the traditional system
of education than to reduce Ge'ez to an education reserved for
priests. To say so is to imply that Ge'ez is totally alien to
the pursuit of real and useful knowledge so that it has no place
in a modern world. Note that the exclusion of Ge'ez serves the
social ambition of the Western educated elite, since the rejection
of Ge'ez means that only those who can read Western books 'find
a place in governmental institutions.' 12
"The primacy given to the learning of foreign languages is
evidence of denationalization. Speaking directly to youngsters,
Asres says: though 'to learn is first to master the mother tongue,
you youngsters ally with expatriate teachers and refuse to learn
your national language because you primarily seek social promotion.'
13 There is no denying that young Ethiopians were persuaded to
prefer foreign languages because of the prospect of better jobs
in the modern sectors of the country.
"Asres struggles to show that the contempt for Ge'ez and
for traditional education does no more than deprive Ethiopians
of the treasure of knowledge accumulated through centuries. To
reject Ge'ez is 'no less than to burry in the ground all of Ethiopia's
history and wealth.' 14 For him, Ethiopian knowledge is like a
hidden treasure; it is found in the monasteries and in Ge'ez.
Unfortunately, because of the refusal to learn Ge'ez, this vital
knowledge will remain hidden forever.
"Asres is such a fervent defender of Ge'ez that he criticizes
those who say that we should 'abolish Ge'ez and maintain only
Amharic.' 15 The thinking is that the preservation of Amharic
provides Ethiopia with a modern language that is also native while
getting rid of the obsolete language of the Church. Such reasoning
overlooks the vast treasure of knowledge contained in books written
in Ge'ez; it misses a fundamental truth, which is that 'the source
of wisdom is Ge'ez.' 16
"For Asres, Westernized Ethiopians may know many things about
the West, but they are pretty ignorant when it comes to Ethiopia.
In rejecting Ge'ez, they make themselves unable to understand
Ethiopia and to use the treasure of accumulated knowledge to further
its interests. All they can do is read Ethiopia through the lens
of alien and borrowed concepts with the consequence that they
come up with distorted notions. Far from being the scouts of the
society, renegade intellectuals carry the viewpoint of the colonizer,
and so replace real knowledge with critical declarations. Their
so-called knowledge does not emanate from their society's history
and defining features; it is made of normative pronouncements
deploring the extent to which their society failed to develop
the features of the model society, i.e., the Western society.
"The defense of Ge'ez through the suggestion
that it contains priceless knowledge reveals Asres's approach,
which is to counter the colonial project by providing Ethiopians
with means drawn from the traditional knowledge. Only the return
to tradition can protect Ethiopians from the dissolving ideology
of Westerners. To orient young Ethiopians toward the quest of
their abandoned legacy, Asres first defines what is meant by learning.
"According to Asres, 'the purpose of learning is knowledge;
the purpose of knowledge is understanding. Understanding, in turn,
reveals the marvels that the sovereignty of God prepares and accomplishes.'
17 Such an understanding procures wisdom: it makes us understand
that God is the ultimate cause of everything and invites us to
consider everything with 'patience.' 18 The understanding that
God is the cause of everything is essential to approach Ethiopian
history and social organization. Nothing of Ethiopia's long history
and survival is intelligible if we leave out its messianic destiny.
The amazing survival of Ethiopia requires the following explanation:
'Ethiopia survived from the kingdom of Ham to today, that is,
for 4800 years, without its flag being defeated and its script
changed because it has been blessed by the Prophesies of the Holy
Prophets and has benefited of God's protection as the country
where God's name is revered.' 19 The long survival of Ethiopia
in a hostile environment is nothing but a miracle. As such, it
is not intelligible unless one understands that God has reserved
a special meaning or destiny to Ethiopia.
"This knowledge about Ethiopia is not taught in modern schools.
In addition to being completely alien to the Messianic Fate of
Ethiopia, the very idea of God granting Ethiopia with a special
treatment is intolerable to Western teachers. The special destiny
of Ethiopia belongs to the knowledge hidden in Ge'ez books, especially
in the Bible written in Ge'ez. The latter is the only authentic
Bible: Unlike other versions, it alone reveals 'the true mystery,'
and so, must be preserved and carefully studied.20
"Supportive of the Messianic Destiny is the meaning of Ethiopia's
social stratification. Asres notes that in Ethiopia all individuals
harbor the desire to become 'king or at least lord.' 21 Nevertheless,
among all these individuals, 'only the one chosen by God occupies
the exclusive place of king while the rest follows what their
fate (idil) reserve for them.' 22
"What is meant by learning stands out here: Learning leads
to knowledge and knowledge gives us the understanding of God's
works. The social application of knowledge is that social stratification
and the unequal status of individuals express God's choice. To
know this is wisdom in that one cognizes and accepts the place
allotted to him/her by God. To be unhappy with one's fate is both
ignorance and a vain protest, since nothing can go against the
will of God.
"No exceptional intelligence is necessary to understand the
meaning of God's promotion of individuals. Since God directly
looks after Ethiopia, he makes kings and lords those individuals
who have what is required to ensure the survival of Ethiopia.
Those whom He has endowed with the best qualities occupy the various
positions of leadership. Leadership, especially political leadership,
is thus a Divine assignment. Since those who run the state are
chosen by God, and not by the people, Asres is far away from the
modern idea of the accountability of the state to the people.
For him, there cannot be a distinction between the state and the
people; in his own words, 'the state is the people. And the people
are the state.' 23
"All the same, the intervention of Divine election does not
mean that kings and lords are above the people for the simple
reason that, as we just saw, Asres identifies the state and the
people. In so doing, he rules out the idea that the political
elite has interests different from those of the people. 'Unless
the people prosper, banks cannot be established,' says Asres.
24 Since leadership is a divine assignment, what we have in Ethiopia
is the notion of leader as the shepherd who looks after the welfare
of a people so dear to God. What must be added here is that leaders
who mistreat the chosen people of God will arouse His wrath and
very soon will feel His punishment.
THE BLACKNESS OF ETHIOPIANS
"With a remarkable sense of consistency,
Asres understands that his defense of Ge'ez depends on the certification
that Ethiopians are both originally and authentically black. He
vigorously disputes the idea that 'Ham came to Africa after the
fall of the walls of Babylon and the separation of languages,'
for the idea intimates that 'humans did not inhabit Africa' before
the occurrence of said events. 25 What is more, it originates
Ge'ez from the separation of languages, thereby suggesting that
it came from elsewhere and was not the original language of Ham
"For Asres, Ge'ez is native of Africa; the origination took
place 'when Noah divided the world between his three sons, Shem,
Ham, and Japheth.' 26 He ascribes the wrong birth of Ge'ez to
the malicious writings of Europeans and to all those who like
to echo what Europeans say. In turning Ge'ez into a derivative
language, these writings deny that it is a primary and authentic
source of knowledge. Hence Asres's categorical assertion: 'Ethiopia
has no rival in terms of ancientness of state independence, script,
and literature.' 27
"The importance of Asres's statement emerges when we see
how his position directly clashes with the prevailing idea about
Ethiopia. Most historians, archeologists, and linguists attribute
Aksumite civilization to Semitic immigrants from South Arabia,
and so assert that the present inhabitants of the northern part
of Ethiopia, namely, Tigreans and Amhara, are Semitic rather than
black Africans. Accordingly, all what Aksum has accomplished and
the greatness of its civilization, included the written language
of Ge'ez, are duplications of South Arabian civilization.
"The racist underpinning of the assertion is not hard to
establish: Since Ethiopia had an ancient and advanced civilization,
its originators, so argue Europeans, must be Semitic invaders
from Arabia, obvious as it is that blacks are not capable of such
a realization. Concretely speaking, this means that Ethiopia moved
to an advanced stage of civilization when Semitic invaders from
South Arabia subdued the original black inhabitants known as the
Agaw people. 28
To quote an Ethiopian historian, it is most likely that at the
time of their earliest contact with the south Arabians the native
people were in a primitive stage of material culture, and lived
in small isolated clans or groups of clans with no state or political
organizations. This must have given the immigrants an excellent
opportunity to assert themselves and easily reduce the local population
to a position of political vassalage.29
"Strongly defending the originality of Aksumite civilization,
Asres writes: History attests that 'Ethiopia reached where it
is today, not thanks to borrowed things, but thanks to the wisdom
and script inherited from the kingdom of Ham.' 30 Granted that
Asres's arguments are biblical rather than scientific, the truth
remains that he is dissatisfied because he considers the Semitic
thesis as the product of European machination aimed at denying
the paternity of a great civilization to Ethiopians.
"He sees no other way to defend the originality of Ge'ez
and the knowledge it carries than to go against the prevailing
thesis by rejecting the Semitization of Ethiopians. Only the defense
of the original blackness of Ethiopians can protect them against
the contamination of Semitic borrowings and hence salvage the
authenticity of the Messianic vocation of Ethiopia. If Ge'ez is
not native of Africa , then it is a borrowed language with the
consequence that it is not the primary source of what it reveals.
When we note that most modern educated Tigrean and Amhara scholars
and the members of the Ethiopian ruling elites endorse the Semitic
thesis, Asres's position appears as a remarkable dissenting voice,
all the more so as his deep traditionalism should have pushed
him toward the Semitic thesis.
"Asres is so determined to defend the blackness of Ethiopians
that he reproaches young Ethiopians who go to America for studies
of distancing themselves from people because they are black. He
asks: 'Why do you push back your brothers? Why do you think that
your lighter skin is superior to their blackness? In your eyes,
you are the second-ranking whites. In so thinking, don't you see
that you are but ranking Ethiopians below the whites?' 31
"If it is slavery that is bothering Ethiopians, Asres reminds
them that 'slavery did not start with black people.' 32 White
people too became slaves in the past every time they lost military
battles. Slavery has nothing to do with being black or white;
worse yet, to look down on black people is 'to deride and anger
God,' since blacks are His creatures.33
"Convinced of the need to hammer on the idea of the blackness
of Ethiopians, Asres asks Ethiopians to remember that their famous
Queen Makada (otherwise known as Queen of Sheba) was black. She
proudly described herself to King Solomon as 'a fine black person'
and as 'more beautiful than all the daughters of Israel.' 34
"Here an objection comes to mind: How does Makada's story
help confirm the blackness of Ethiopians when its main purpose
is to justify the claim of Solomonic descent of Ethiopian kings?
The objection overlooks the complexity of the story, notably that
Makada's pregnancy was unwanted and that it was decided by God,
who thus wanted to shift His preference from the Israelites to
Ethiopians.35 According to the Ethiopian story, Makada turned
down King Solomon twice; the latter had to use the stratagem of
spicy foods to compel her to sleep with him. Makada was, therefore,
attracted by Solomon's wisdom, not his person, and had it not
been for God's design, she would have persistently rejected his
advances. The purity of Ethiopian blackness was tarnished less
by the desire of Semitic mixture on the part of Makada than by
"Asres brings out the contagious divisiveness of European
racism. Not only to demean black people is to ally with white
people, but once the soul is infected with the influence of white
racism, 'first you look down on your friends, then on your country,
and lastly on your father and mother.' 36 Unmistakably, Asres
warns here against the harmful influence that European racism
had on northern Ethiopians and its negative effects on national
unity and cohesion. By claiming a Semitic descent under the influence
of European racism, northern Ethiopians cannot but feel above
Ethiopia's southern peoples, who do not claim such a descent.
Equally divisive is the feeling of superiority on the basis of
wealth, which is a replication of European type of class distinction.
"For Asres, such feelings originate from the 'divisive propaganda
of the enemy,' they make Ethiopians forget that 'without unity
there is no force, and without force there is no unity and pride.'
37 The mimicking of Western superiority is injurious to Ethiopian
national unity because it presents what is but a recovery as a
colonial conquest. Indeed, faithful to the pre-European writing
of Ethiopian history, Asres sees Menilik's southern expansion
as a recovery of 'lost provinces subsequent to Gragn's invasion.'
38 Cut off from the political and cultural center, these lands
underwent a characteristic deterioration, in particular in the
use of technical devises, such the ox- ploughing technique. Asres
is further inclined to speak of the southern expansion as a return
to the motherland rather than as a new conquest since he believes
that for many centuries all African peoples 'were under one king
and one flag.' 39 Both on the basis of skin color and the legacy
of common ancestry and history, Asres pleads for worldwide black
solidarity in the defense of the black person. This solidarity
is all the more necessary as Asres sees a vast and protracted
conspiracy to humiliate and subdue the black person.
"Incidentally, he makes the Arabs accomplices of the white
conspiracy against black peoples. He backs the allegation by the
role Arab merchants played in the selling of Africans to whites.40
This conspiracy against the black person has historical roots,
as it is but revenge on the part of whites and Arabs. Indeed,
citing the Bible, Asres maintains that in the past the 'sons of
Africa had conquered and despised northern white races,' so that
the present racism against blacks is a payback for past mistreatments.
41 Both the historical grudge and the racist mistreatments of
the modern time clearly show that 'the main purpose' of whites
is 'to divide, impoverish, and obfuscate Africa so as to rule
over it.' 42
"At first look, such plain accusations recall the position
of the African scholar, Cheikh Anta Diop, who also alludes to
a conspiracy stemming from the fact that the black person is 'the
very initiator of the ''Western'' civilization flaunted before
our eyes today.' 43 However, noticeable differences quickly emerge.
Diop establishes the pioneering role of blacks through the thesis
that black people were directly responsible for the remarkable
and original contributions of ancient Egypt while categorically
rejecting the inputs of Aksum. In his eyes, 'except for one obelisk
and two pedestals of statues, nothing is found. The civilization
of Axum, former capital of Ethiopia , is more a word than a reality
attested by historical monuments.' 44 Moreover, unlike Asres,
Diop is of the opinion that Africans were so peaceful that they
never showed the desire to conquer other peoples, as demonstrated
by the historical proof that 'invasions often take place from
north to south.' 45
IMPLANTING ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY
"The goal of impoverishing African countries
is essentially manifested through the generation of a dependent
economic system under the guise of modernization. Here transpires
one of the major goals of the introduction and spread of Western
education. By creating an elite enamored with Western taste and
pattern of consumption, Western education, Asres maintains, undermines
national production and economic self-sufficiency in favor of
imported goods and techniques of production, the outcome of which
is economic dependency. In a word, the objective of replacing
traditional schools with modern schools is to change Ethiopia
into a periphery of the West. Unlike the traditional teaching,
which provides the knowledge of Ethiopian resources, the external
orientation of modern education has no concern for national wealth
and resources. 46
"It simply teaches how to import techniques and goods at
the expense of national means and resources. The so-called modernization
has been nothing but the marginalization and neglect of all the
techniques that Ethiopia had used so far to exploit its resources.
Asres justifies his assertion by providing examples of neglected
techniques and resources. For instance, consider the technique
of making colors: 'Ethiopia's painters and writers did not work
by importing colors from Europe.?' 47 They were using traditional
techniques, which are now totally forgotten so that Ethiopia today
imports colors from outside. Another example is perfumes: the
Bible highly praises perfumes made in Ethiopia and exported to
the rest of the world. 48 Today Ethiopia imports European perfumes
and the know-how is completely lost.
"Yet the ancient knowledge could be easily recuperated by
reading old books written in Ge'ez. Hence Asres's repeated advices
to youngsters: 'If you go back to Ge'ez, you will find similar
wealth in great number.' 49 Asres multiplies examples by indicating
how Ethiopia had advanced techniques for the use of wood and animal
skins, which techniques are now entirely lost. The same with the
crucial technique of blacksmith, which leads him to say: 'Ethiopians
fought against powerful enemies and defeated them by manufacturing
themselves the spear, knife, sword . . . they needed. Unlike today,
they did not import arms from outside.' 50 At times Westerners
have directly intervened and blocked the use of native resources
in order to introduce their own products. For instance, 'when
the Italians occupied Ethiopia, they eliminated the plant known
as gesho. They did so, not because they knew the hidden virtues
of the plant, but because they wanted to introduce their own ingredients
for alcoholic beverages.' 51
"Asres mocks the naivety of Ethiopians when they think that
Europeans will teach them the secrets of science. Because of this
belief, many Ethiopians were sent to Europe for study and many
foreign teachers hired at great expenses. However, all this effort
has not produced 'even 10 young Ethiopians capable of understanding
the secrets of scientific work.' 52 Asres reiterates his deep
conviction by saying to young Ethiopians: 'I want you to understand
that European scientists will never reveal the wisdom of science
to you.' 53 Let there be no misunderstanding: The warning against
the European unwillingness to share scientific knowledge does
not mean that Asres is against the attempt to import European
know-how or that he is opposed to modernization. Rather, he asks
Ethiopians to proceed in a smart way in view of the European unwillingness
to share knowledge.
"Instead of abruptly abandoning traditional techniques and
resources, which only results in the loss of self-sufficiency
in favor of dependency, Ethiopians should devise a smart policy
of transition from the traditional to the modern. Accordingly,
until modern industries are well established, Ethiopians should
use traditional means and refrain from merely importing goods
from outside.54 Likewise, instead of simply shutting down traditional
schools, the best way is to educate a small amount of Ethiopians
by hiring few foreign instructors. Once these Ethiopians graduate,
they should be sent to the various provinces to educate other
Ethiopians while foreign instructors are sent back to their country.55
SOME CRITICAL REMARKS
"One thing is sure: Asres's book reveals
far-reaching revolutionary ideas. Specifically, his analyses of
the harmful impacts of Western education and economic penetration
are both radical and highly insightful. So my criticism is not
attempting to show the invalidity of his analyses, notwithstanding
the fact that they appear excessive at times. Equally excessive
is his high regard for tradition and the traditional system of
education, not to mention the fact that some of his proposals
are, if not irrelevant, at least unrealistic. These shortcomings,
however, do not reduce the value of his analyses.
"Much more serious seems to me Asres's inconsistencies, which
strongly transpire in the complete lack of critical remarks vis-à-vis
Emperor Haile Sellassie and his regime. I know that a critical
stand would have put his life in danger, but the fact remains
that the book loses much of its revolutionary impact by not including
a criticism of the imperial regime. After all, Haile Sellassie
has been the main instrument of the introduction of Western education
and of the economic penetration of the West whose detrimental
effects are analyzed with such a sharp insight.
"Surprising as it may sound, the book does not make the slightest
allusion to the eminent role that Haile Sellassie played in designing
and applying a harmful policy of modernization. Asres could not
have missed that his acerbic criticisms of the modernizing process
of Ethiopia extends to the initiator and patron of the process,
to wit, Haile Sellassie. Though the latter is the real culprit
for the bad policy, Asres inconsistently put the blame on young
Western educated Ethiopians. He repeatedly accuses them of being
alienated and the prime instrument of the colonization of Ethiopia
when they are but the products of Haile Sellassie's modernizing
scheme. His book attacks the outcome of a policy and exonerates
the real agent of Ethiopia's derailment.
"Another related inconsistency is that Asres's defense of
tradition loses its fervor every time that he has to deal with
the imperial regime. Take what is said about the role of idil,
that is, of God's choice in the stratification of Ethiopian society.
Asres asserts that each individual occupies the place assigned
to him by God and that God's choice gives the highest positions
to those He created with adequate abilities. This justification
of social stratification implies that the present rulers of Ethiopia,
including the emperor himself, are not living up to expectations,
since Ethiopia is divested of its personality and reduces to the
status of a periphery of the West.
"Clearly, Asres backs down from being a staunch defender
of tradition to avoid a clash with the regime. Some such reversal
is unfortunate, given that he could have condemned the regime
in the name of tradition, which would have provided the best defense
of tradition. In showing that the present rulers of Ethiopia are
traitors to the tradition of Ethiopia's independence and Divine
mission, he would have mobilized nationalist feelings in his defense
"In light of Asres's belief that the wisdom of God chooses
the best leaders for Ethiopia, a basic condition for the implementation
of God's choices is undoubtedly the absence of social barriers
to the promotion of the most able. But if mediocre people and
sellouts continue to rule because they are protected by privileges,
Asres should denounce the obstruction, all the more vehemently
that it is bound to bring disaster, which is God's punishment
for going against His choices.
Such a position could have been premonitory in view of the occurrence
of the 1974 Revolution and the subsequent rise of the Derg, which
brought about the decapitation of the traditional elite and plunged
Ethiopia into untold sufferings and further deteriorations of
its social cohesion and power.
"That Asres's deep and first hand knowledge of tradition
could miss that the notion of idil presupposes an open society
is hardly believable. Idil posits a society allowing social mobility;
it does not make sense in a society blocked by human-made privileges,
such as the Ethiopian society under the imperial regime with its
hereditary monarchy and nobility together with individual nobles
possessing private property and using tenants in their land. These
privileges constituted formidable social barriers and artificial
impediments standing in the way of God's choices.
"Because of his reluctance to criticize the imperial regime,
Asres thus misses the opportunity of demonstrating the value of
tradition by showing how well the notion of idil fits into the
modernizing goal. The demonstration of a connivance with modernity
would have, in turn, advocated the return and consolidation of
the traditional social mobility rather than its elimination.
"Lastly, it is obvious that despite his rage against the
West, Asres is not quite successful in combating its influence.
In many ways, he agrees with the norms of the West. The agreement
transpires frequently, as when he intimates that Ethiopia regressed
because of Gragn's invasion. The destructions caused by the invasion
were so extensive that Ethiopians lost many of the technological
advances that they had to the benefit of Europeans.
"In thus assigning similar technological goals to Ethiopians
and Westerners, Asres gives up the opportunity of describing the
Ethiopian civilization in terms of alternative civilization rather
than in terms of a similar civilization that had regressed. Contrary
to the notion of different or alternative civilization, the notion
of regress confirms the idea of European superiority instead of
"Likewise, Asres's attempt to explain Western racism as a
behavior induced by revenge leads him to say that blacks had dominated
and mistreated white people in the past. The statement presents
world history as a field of fierce competition between races impelled
by similar goals. In so thinking, Asres is not analyzing different
civilizations in terms of divergent aspirations and means, as
did, for instance, the African revivalist school known as Negritude.
"Arguing that each culture has its own way of thinking as
well as its own goals, the thinkers of Negritude reject Europeans'
claim that they 'were the only ones who had thought out a Civilization
to the level and the dimension of University.' 56 The failure
to particularize shows that Asres did not manage to think Western
civilization and its achievements as a particular civilization
among other equally valid civilizations. Instead, he endorses
the normativeness of Western civilization by perceiving its aspirations,
especially its technological goals, as universal aspirations,
that is, aspirations shared by all people regardless of their
culture and race.57 Willy-nilly, this way of posing the problem
puts the West in the driver seat of history, and so fails to question
its colonizing goal.
1. I translate the Amharic title "Tekami
Mikre" as "Useful Advice." I add that all the direct
quotations from the book are my own translations, which are loose
2. See Useful Advice (Addis Ababa: Berhanena Selam Printing Press,
1958), p. 22.
3. It would be undoubtedly very revealing to compare Asres with
the early Westernized intellectuals of Ethiopia , such as Afework
Gebre Yesus and Gebrehiwot Baykedagn. As a representative of the
traditional scholar, Asres shares none of their views, which derive
from the conviction that Ethiopia cannot modernize unless it throws
away its traditional beliefs and values and unreservedly opens
up to the West. Ethiopia's failure to modernize may be due to
the failure to reconcile these two divergent mental directions.
For further reading, see Messay Kebede, "Gebrehiwot Baykedagn,
Eurocentrism, and the Decentering of Ethiopia," Journal of
Black Studies, 36: 6 (July 2006), pp. 815-832.
4. Asres, Useful Advice, p. 5.
7. See Messay Kebede, Survival and Modernization-- Ethiopia ?s
Enigmatic Present: A Philosophical Discourse (Lawrenceville, .N.J.:
The Red Sea Press Inc., 1999).
8. Asres, Useful Advice Ibid., p. 6.
10. Ibid., p. 82.
11. Ibid., p. 6.
12. Ibid., p. 8.
13. Ibid., p. 18.
14. Ibid., p. 7.
15. Ibid., p.38.
16. Ibid., p. 46.
17. Ibid., p. 8.
19. Ibid., p. 7.
21. Ibid., p. 8.
23. Ibid., p. 10.
25. Ibid., p. 16.
27. Ibid., p. 18.
28. For more discussion on this issue, see Messay Kebede, "Eurocentrism
and Ethiopian Historiography: Deconstructing Semitization,"
International Journal of Ethiopian Studies, 1: 1 (Fall 2003),
29. Taddesse Tamrat, Church and State in Ethiopia (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1972), p. 8.
30. Asres, Useful Advice, p. 20.
31. Ibid., p. 58.
33. Ibid., p. 69.
34. Ibid., p. 62.
35. To read more on this issue, refer to Messay Kebede, Survival
and Modernization-- Ethiopia's Enigmatic Present: A Philosophical
36. Asres, Useful Advice, p. 63-58.
37. Ibid., p. 65.
38. Ibid., p. 34.
39. Ibid., p. 82.
40. See, ibid., p. 83.
42. Ibid., p. 88.
43. Cheikh Anta Diop, The African Origin of Civilization: Myth
or Reality (Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1974), p. xiv.
44. Ibid., p. 156.
45. Diop, 'African Cultural Unity,' Presence Africaine, 24/25
(1959), p. 71.
46. See Asres, Useful Advice, p. 18.
47. Ibid., p. 26.
48. See Ibid., p. 27.
49. Ibid., p. 28.
50. Ibid., p. 42.
51. Ibid., pp. 30-31.
52. Ibid., p. 43.
53. Ibid., p. 49.
54. See ibid., p. 43.
56. Leopold S. Senghor, Prose and Poetry, trans. John Reed and
Clive Wake (London: Heinemann, 1976), p. 73.
57. For further discussion on the idea of alternative civilizations,
see Messay Kebede, Africa's Quest for a Philosophy of Decolonization
(New York: Rodopi, 2004).
Thank you for visiting our website and for writing
us in email soliciting our help in the Name of God in order that
you might be capable of dispelling the confusion that you had
been subjected to as a result of reading an article that you came
across in one of the websites of the internet.
The critical article that highlights the themes and visions of
Aleqa Asres Yenesew outlined in his book entitled "Teqami
M'kr", translated into English as "Useful Advice",
and written presumably by the Ethiopian author of the book: Survival
and Modernization-Ethiopia's Enigmatic Present: A Philosophical
Discourse, Messay Kebede, is indeed inspiring and challenging
Let us come directly to the issue of your email:
1) We have found the whole content of the long article to be relatively
in line with the fundamental precepts of Ethiopia: The Kingdom
of God that we serve, referred to as "Tradition" by
the writer of the article. We are also of the opinion that it
proves to coincide generally with the themes of our published
books posted on our website. We always hail, as we had endorsed
the works and the views expressed therein, of Aleqa Asres Yenesew,
not only with regard to the topic under discussion, but also with
all the rest of his lifetime achievements that amount to his literary
Everything that the writer of the article imparted therein is
the stark reality, which the present Ethiopian generation undergoes
nowadays. Consequently, if the latter opted to continue with its
survival as the authentic ETHIOPIAN NATION, which we doubt, it
has to recognize and cope with such trying adversity whose predictability
is as yet doomed even to an aggravated imminent eventuality, unless
the appropriate measure is taken uncompromisingly and without
undue delay. There is no alternative other than to comply with
what Aleqa Asres proposed in his book, complemented, of course,
by ours, as outlined hereunder.
The continuation of the status quo, notwithstanding the above
revelation and admonition, would amount to nothing but simply
to entertain a scenario destined for a total self-extinction individually
and/or collectively, even from the least residual life of the
temporal, let alone from that of the eternal, as witnessed in
a multitude of previous episodes, recent and ancient ones. This
is where the unbeliever, the unrepentant, the ambivalent, the
'lukewarm", the apathetic, the confused, the intransigent,
the bigot, the tyrant, the arrogant, the traitor, and the like
members of the generation seem to keep on prevailing.
At the end, it is a pity that even those adversaries of God and
Ethiopia, would not be left out to live either to benefit from
the outcome of their exhaustive exploits nor to witness and enjoy
the spectacle of their ultimate Coliseum. Such is the reward to
be received by those mentors and sponsors, instigators and perpetrators
who, under the guidance of the Evil Spirit, devised and executed,
from time immemorial to this day, the incredibly devious, unremitting
and systematic attack on all that pertains to the Divine Kingdom
of Ethiopia including Her Generation of the Holy Covenant with
the immediate aim to commit the latter to wither away, if possible,
otherwise to achieve the final goal by bringing about the utter
destruction of the whole infrastructure of the same, to the extent
of doing away even with the last fabric.
Under the circumstances, the survival of Ethiopia: The Kingdom
of God with Her Children and Divine Treasure is currently sustained
and shall continue to be sustained only by those individual Ethiopians
who remain steadfastly faithful to the Holy Covenant that their
predecessors made with God and preserved for the past seven and
half millenniums to the present.
2) We, in the Service of Ethiopia: the Kingdom of God concur just
as well with the critical analysis addressed to Aleqa Asres's
failures to win the goals of "the revolutionary impact"
of his struggle against the sinister stratagem of his contemporary
Ethiopian "Imperial Regime" of Atsie Haile-Sellassie,
with the special emphasis on the sector of education.
Not only do we express our concurrence to that effect, but would
also like to disclose the reality that pervades our missions and
activities of the Services of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God with
reference to this line of reasoning. Here, in contrast to those
failures of Aleqa Asres in the campaign of his criticism of Atsie
Haile-Sellassie and the latter's regime, one could easily find
those shortcomings as non-existent.
These crucial matters are described in all our published books
mentioned earlier, particularly in the one entitled, "IthioPia:
YeAlemu Meffareja!" in details. There, they remain prominently
articulated, rectified and vigorously pursued as the main factors
of the basic theological contention of our Services vis-à-vis
that of the detrimental policy position of the disoriented and
derailed regime of Atsie Haile-Sellassie. In fact, the foregoing
stance of our Services continues to be the prime concern pursued
by the same incessantly and vehemently to this day against Ethiopia's
adversaries who manipulated the late Atsie Haile-Sellassie personally
and his regime collectively to the full extent.
3) The other significant focal point that needs to be dealt with
seriously is the paramount issue of the Ethiopian racial identity.
It will be singled out here and now for elaboration with reference
to the premise suggested in this regard by Aleqa Asres in his
book and analyzed in the article under consideration.
And this implies the notion of categorizing Ethiopians as being
the Children of Ham only, thus considering them to be of the Black
Race and Colour alone. Such a presumption is something that we
do not simply pass over without any regard. It proves to be a
major case that needs earnest reflection and analytical assessment,
because it infringes upon the religious foundation of our Ethiopian
Faith of the Holy Covenant. As a result, we categorically reject
it and respond to it appropriately forthwith in the following
In accordance with the Divine Truth of our Faith of the Holy Covenant,
we, Ethiopians, believe that we are the Descendants of Melke-Tsedeq
who turned out to be the Precursor of the Ultimate and Eternal
Melke-Tsedeq: Jesus Christ. Melke-Tsedeq was the first offspring
of the unified seed that constituted the three Children of Noah.
He was blessed to be the contemporary of the latter, since Noah
was still alive then. The Divine Phenomenon of such unification
was attained through the primary intermarriages of the three progenies
of Ham, Shem and Japheth, the Sons of Noah. Just as the racial
identity of the First Melke-Tsedeq happens to be thus, so also
is that of the Ultimate Melke-Tsedeq: Jesus Christ.
Be that as it may, after the cataclysm of the Great Flood, the
present human species stemmed, branched and multiplied separately
from the aforementioned three Sons of Noah into three groups.
Each created and maintained for itself distinct man-made characterization
of its individual formation, beginning from the genetic specifics,
to colour of skin, physical features, mental ingenuity, spiritual
propensity and occupational attractions of each group.
At the advent of the climax of the crossroads of the eschatological
development of the human existence on Earth, the Ultimate Melke-Tsedeq,
Jesus Christ was revealed, Himself the culmination of the initial
Divine Phenomenon that came to pass for the fulfillment of the
final and everlasting Divine Cause, as narrated below.
Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant, as Descendants and Children of
both Melke-Tsedeqs, personify, in the semblance of Noah, the restoration
of a unified human constitution. And, in the identity of both
Melke-Tsedeqs, they represent the renewed and enhanced human entity
that embodies the New Personality brought about by the Atonement
of Jesus Christ. As such, they are the "Children, Priests
and Royals of God".
That was why, the Son of God came to the world as an Ethiopian,
born of the Ethiopian Virgin Mary, in the image of Melke-Tsedeq.
The sole purpose of The Incarnation is to reconcile and unify
the mutually antagonistic and belligerent tribes of Shem, Ham
and Japheth through the Sacrifice of The Same on the Cross. Thus,
The Divine Redeemer dissolved and abolished each and every speck
of the vestiges of the scourges of human disintegration, differentiation
and discrimination based on race, ethnicity and colour of skin
from among peoples of the world once and for all.
No wonder that Ethiopiawinnet (Belief and Living in the Faith
and Reality of the Holy Covenant that Ethiopians preserved to
date) is said to be the only curative solution for all chronic
and deadly human, individual, national and international problems
that pertain to physical, mental, spiritual, religious, ethnic,
racial, social, economic and political aspects, and that plagued
Creation from the beginning to the present.
Ethiopians are, therefore, not only Hamites or Blacks, but also
Semites or Reds (Yellows), and Japhethites or Whites. The details
of the Divine Truth that relate to the exegesis of this subject-matter
is extensively provided with in the books posted on our website,
as mentioned above.
4) Finally, I would like to draw, through this response to your
email, the attentions of both the writer of the article as well
as of Ato Aleme Taddese whom the latter referred to in his analysis,
and comment on the relevant reference that pertains to the case
under review, which I deem it necessary to quote hereunder. It
reads "When I wrote my book, Survival and Modernization,
I was not even remotely aware of Asres's works. Yet what a delightful
surprise when I discovered that many of my findings reproduce
Asres's thought! I take this opportunity to thank Aleme Tadesse
for introducing me to Asres's writings."
Our comment is brief and precise: Ato Aleme Taddese, who is well
acquainted with our Services, knew intimately from the beginning,
all the time and for long about the publications and distributions
of our books mentioned above. All these books are transcribed
in Ethiopic (Amharic) with the exception of only one that was
written in English, entitled, Ethiopia: The Classic Case.
This being the reality, it is worth asking, in the first place,
whether Ato Aleme bothered to introduce even the existence of
these literary works of our Services to the writer of the article,
along with those of Aleqa Asres's. This factor is important, because
Ato Aleme was well aware of the fact that both literary sets have
relevance to each other; and that the themes and approaches of
both, directed at the current Ethiopian problems, are identical.
Again, the exception with our set in this regard is: Unlike that
of Ato Asres's, ours provides the problem at issue with the sole,
legitimate and perfect solution simultaneously.
In the unlikely event that Ato Aleme, did not do so, which became
quite apparent from the exposition of the writer of the article,
the next step would be to put forward the question of why he failed
to do so? This question ought to be left for him to answer himself.
However, had he done so, no doubt that the writer would have tended
to make a more conducive and positive conclusion on his critical
analysis, without committing his readers to the present fate of
desperation and perplexity as experienced even by yourself, as
you explicitly stated in the opening remarks of your email.
E-mail from H. Haile:
Selam inna Tena yesteligne! Please pray for me!! Egziabhare
Thank you for continuing to visit our web site
and for writing us asking us to pray for you.
For us to comply with your request, normally, we need your Christian
(Baptismal) Name. So, please, send us the forgoing requirement,
if you will.
E-mail from anonymous:
Greetings, Qess Ermias:
Forgive my ignorance! I have little knowledge of the Holy Tradition.
your complete and deep answer.
I would ask another, and last, question. I know that Ethiopia
is Eden, as we read in book of Creation, and I know Ethiopia
is the mother of man, as David said: "The Man shall say,
Zion is my mother". But I read in Kufale that God created
Adam and Eve from the land of Elda, not Eden. Thus, is the land
of Elda Ethiopia? If not, where is the land of Elda, and what
does this word mean?
Presuming that you might be or might not be the
person who had posed a question similar to this one of yours,
and to which question we already had sent the following text as
our response some weeks ago, please find the same that would serve
Here is our explanation to your question: In Scriptures of G'iz
Manuscripts, "Paradise" and "The Garden of Eden"
pertain to the same word of "Gennet" with reference
to "Edom" and "Elda". These are all designations
of the same place "Ethiopia", where Adam and Eve were
created and lived. In all cases of the various names of the place
aforementioned, the characteristic feature that predominated the
phenomenon was the sudden and complete change of the situation
of the status of the latter, namely, the downfall of Adam and
Eve from the blissful life of Divinity to the miserable fate of
humanity. This condition was brought about by the betrayal of
the Word of God committed by the latter resulting in the withdrawal
of the Divine Grace that previously clothed their person and pervaded
their abode with sublime serenity.
It is not uncommon for a particular place to be called with various
analogous names; for example, the same name and location of Ethiopia
was known in Biblical and ancient times as Midiam, Nubia, Axum,
Kush, Sheba, Habesha (Abyssinia).
N'bure-Id Ermias K. Welde-Iyesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God Services
E-mail from H. Abebe:
Thank you so much for the response. I am a literature student
and very much interested in Ethiopian Orthodox Church as I am
the believer; and I would be very much interested if there is
anything that I could do towards your service. Thank you very
Thank you for continuing to visit our web site
and for writing us expressing your compliment for our last response
to your email.
It is enough for us to hear from you of the satisfaction you obtained
from our services, since our objective is based on and limited
to rendering such services. We need no more offer from you other
than the manifestation of goodwill that is conveyed in your email
that says, "I would be very much interested if there is anything
that I could do towards your service" which we greatly appreciate
E-mail from G. B. Wagaw:
Thank you very much for your brief response.
I am really satisfied.
Please don't hesitate to send important information with this
email address. I am an Orthodox Christian.
Thank you for continuing to visit our web site
and for writing us expressing your compliment for our last response
to your email.
Please, be informed that our web site is meant to serve that same
purpose you required from us in your aforementioned email. And
that purpose is: Sending important information to those interested
readers of our web site like yourself. So, please be advised to
visit our web site and consult the various forums that interest
you as often as you can.
E-mail from H. Giorgis:
Question #1. Did Iyesus Christos die on the Cross? And if
He did, was it spiritually, mentally or physically? Or did He
die at all? Some bible accounts state that when the soldier
cut His side that he bled with blood and water. Physiology states
that water supports life and when taken down from the Cross
His structure was still in tact. His brethren were expert healers
who, without a doubt, would have applied the highest concentration
of healing power to assist in his recovery.
Question #2. Was Iyesus Christos a vegetarian? Are there others
references outside of the Bible that inform about His diet and
Here are the answers to your two questions:
1) Yes, Iyesus Christos did die on the Cross, but not in the sense
and likeness of the one that we, mere humans, experience, i.e.,
the complete and total separation and departure of the Soul (mental)
and the Spirit (spiritual) out from the Flesh (the physical body)
never occurred to Him. In His Case, His Divinity, in the mystery
of Tewah'do (Incarnation), remained coexistent with His Humanity
both in the Flesh that was buried in the tomb as well as with
the Soul that descended to Hell to announce the Good News of the
Resurrection and the Liberation to those souls who deserved such
Eternal Privilege through their Faith and Repentance. Note that
His Spiritual Body is His Divine Being. On the third day after
His Death on the Cross, His Incarnate Soul returned to the Holy
Sepulcher and there reunited with the Incarnate Flesh which culminated
in His Resurrection.
That was exactly the reason why, to quote from your own writing,
"He bled with blood and water when the soldier cut His side,
and, His structure was still intact when taken down from the Cross,
as physiology states that water supports life, and even if His
brethren were expert healers who without a doubt would have applied
the highest concentration of healing power to assist in his recovery."
2) The Holy Scriptures does not suggest that Iyesus Christos was
a vegetarian, but the contrary. In fact some New Testament quotations
divulge such truth: That He was not a vegetarian. Let us refer
to few examples that corroborate this truth:
a) His rejoinder to the Pharisees when they accused Him of eating
"with tax collectors and sinners" (Matt. 9/11);
b) His retort to the accusation of the Scribes of the Jews against
His Disciples of eating without washing "their hands",
at which He explained that "Not what goes into the mouth
defiles a man, but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a
c) His Sermon to the multitude depicting John the Baptist as one
who "came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, 'He
has a demon!' The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they
say, 'Look, a glutton and winebibber, a friend of tax collectors
and sinners!'" (Matt. 11/18-19);
d) His instruction to His Disciples, when He appointed and sent
them away to propagate the Good News of the Advent of the Kingdom
of God, to "Remain in the same house, eating and drinking
such things as they give, for the laboror is worthy of his wages."
e) His adherence to the observance of the Old Testament Divine
Commandment of partaking in the sacrifice of the Passover Lamb
at least every year at the Commemoration of "The First Day
of the Unleavened Bread (Mk. 14/12-18);
f) The voice that spoke to the Apostle Simon Peter while he was
in Joppa and in a trance stating "He saw heaven opened and
an object like a great sheet bound at the four corners, descending
to him and let down to the earth. In it were all kinds of four-footed
animals of the earth, wild beasts, creeping things, and birds
of the air," saying, "'Rise, Peter; kill and eat!' But
Peter said, 'Not so, Lord! For, I have never eaten anything common
and unclean.' and a voice spoke to him again the second time,
'What God has cleansed, you must not call common.' This was done
three times. And the object was taken up into heaven again."
(Act. 10/11-16) surely emanated from Him.
Our premise for these references is the certainty that, as He
Himself is the Word of God and the Incarnate God simultaneously,
He does not say or teach what He does not practice or apply Himself
There are no other references which we know of outside of the
Bible that inform us about His diet and health practices. And
even if there are, we do not accept them unless they concur with
|E-mail from Sylvan:
(1) Can you please tell me what is the Church's
position on HIM Haile Sellassie I? and,
(2) In the Bible it clearly describes the Messiah as having "hair
like a lamb's wool and feet like burnt brass". That description
to me clearly describes a person with Negroid features. So, why
is it that the Church continues to portray Jesus as a white man?
I know it is about the Message he brought to the world and not
the colour of the Messenger [that we must be more concerned about];
but the description in the Bible is there for a reason. So, why
does the Church continue to portray the opposite?
First of all you need to know the fact that we represent, speak
of and answer for only the True Tewah'do Church of Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God, whose age of existence spans the past seven
and half millennium of years, and not of and for the one that
calls itself the Ethiopian Orthodox Church that accepted the
claim of the Egyptian (Coptic) Orthodox Church to have been
established by the latter as its diocese or branch church in
Ethiopia in the fourth century A. D. If you have meant the questions
in your email to be directed to the latter, you may withdraw
your correspondence to us and redirect them to the above now.
However, if not, the following are our answers to your questions:
1) Our Church's position with regard to Atsie Haile-Sellassie
I is that he is simply one of the Elects of God, anointed to
serve the Lord Jesus Christ Who, as the Incarnate God, was born
of the Ethiopian Virgin Mary, and Who became the True, the Last
and Eternal Priestly King in the Order of Melke-Tsedeq and the
Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah. This issue is specifically,
explicitly and extensively dealt with in our published book
entitled Ethiopia: The Classic Case and posted on our web site.
Please read it; it seems that you had not done so until now.
2) When you read the aforementioned book, you will find that
the main theme of the same is the categorical biblical assertion
of the Divine Truth that Jesus Christ is neither black nor white
alone but an Ethiopian, whose racial identity was established
in the birth of and depicted in the image of Melke-Tsedeq as
constituting the seeds of the Three sons of Noah, typifying
Ham as Black, Shem as Red or Yellow, and Japheth as White. Such
depiction diametrically conforms to the biblical description
of the features of the Messiah you referred to in your email.
As explained in our opening statement, it is understandable
and you may deduce from the situation presented therein why
the Egyptian (Coptic) Orthodox Church in Ethiopia continues
to portray Jesus Christ as a white man.
E-mail from Fikre:
Could you answer for me [questions] about JOHN CHAPTER 10?
Please [explain the verses, like] "I am the door. ...He who
does not come to me by the door and is going out by another window."
Any way, I am not speaking English properly. So, forgive me; but
try to understand me.
And I will wait for your true [explanation of the] Bible words
Trusting that we understood your quotation correctly,
we tried hereby to answer your question put forward in your email
Chapter 10 verses 1-11 of the Gospel of St. John read: "Jesus
said to them, 'Most assuredly I say unto you, he who does not
enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way,
the same is a thief and a robber. ...All who ever came before
Me are thieves and robbers. ...I am the door. If anyone enters
by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out, and find pasture.
The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and destroy.
...I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for
These verses simply tell you that Jesus Christ, God the Son who
became man in the womb of, and born of the Holy Virgin Mary, is
the only True and Faithful, Reliable and Competent Shepherd, Teacher,
Priest, and Confessor of Believers, individually as well as collectively.
This simply means that, in accordance with the Church's Canon
Law, you may have a personal priestly shepherd, teacher, counselor
or confessor; but do not rely upon such person solely and completely.
The Word of God contained in the quotation above is the perfect
teaching, directive and warning given to us by Our Lord and Saviour
the Incarnate God, Jesus Christ. Every Believer needs to maintain
it for his/her own physical, mental and spiritual well-being in
this world and in the eternal life, as we, here, in Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God, abide by it.
In order for you to understand fully, from the Ethiopian perspective
of the Holy Covenant, the Divine Message of the whole Chapter
10, and for that matter, the Divine Messages of all Scriptures,
you need to read our books and materials posted on our website.
Until then, the following exposition could serve you as a guideline
for the time being:
More often than not, human persons are the ones who, individually
as well as collectively, complicate the meanings and interpretations
of the Word of God. So, do not submit to those human methods whollly.
Rather, beware of the fact that the Word of God, as written and
presented in the Bible, speaks and explains directly and clearly
to the reader by Itself through Its power of inspiration by the
However, in order for the reader to attain such status of understanding,
he/she must be a person of True Faith and Integrity himself/herself.
In other words, when the reader decides to deal with the Word
of God, the mental state of the latter aught to be in complete
acceptance of the True Faith and the Divine Truth, as if a Believer
stands in worship of God and speaks with Him in prayer.
Under such circumstances, for the reader to recognize the presence
of such sensation within himself/herself, he/she is not required
to be exceptionally religious. Such power of sensitivity is one
of the natural gifts of the Gracious Creator to every human being
whom He made in His Image. Therefore, the reader, as a normal
and common person, fully knows by himself/herself alone, without
any ulterior human or angelic, physical or spiritual guide, whether
or not he/she is in the above-mentioned mental state, i.e., in
complete acceptance of the True Faith and the Divine Truth at
the time when he/she comes to deal with the Word of God.
Again, this happens not because of any intercession of a mysterious
phenomenon, but because of the reality of the inherent human nature
of the True Faith and the Divine Truth that were both created
with and within the reader right at his/her conception in the
womb, and only to remain with him/her forever. This phenomenon,
in Ethiopic, is called " H'llina", which we, Ethiopians,
identify it with God Himself.
Therein and from there, God speaks to you and interprets the meanings
of His Words to you in the Inspiration of the Holy Spirit. You
need to listen to Him, and to follow the interpretation and explanation
He gives to you. You will completely understand His Message as
such only if your mental state is surely in complete acceptance
of the True Faith and the Divine Truth which status is attained
through the Holy Covenant Ethiopians maintained to this day.
E-mail from R. Nartey:
I am the founder and organizer for the INTERNATIONAL PAN AFRICAN
VOLUNTEERS (IPAV) in Ghana and want to invite all decent brothers
and sisters of this great religion to come and volunteer their
skill and knowledge in the KROBO district in Ghana.The traditional
council will allocate lands to persons who wish to repatriate
as well.let work so that we have a branch of the church in Krobo
where individuals are honouring SELASIE doctrines but do not have
the reading materials.
REPLY. Brother Ruddy (founder/organizer), INTERNATIONAL PAN AFRICAN
VOLUNTEERS, MAIN POST SA 290 SOMANYA KROBO GHANA 23321; PHONE
Till the time comes when we may need to consider
your cordial invitation to take effect on our part, we are sending
you by separate mail, our published book entitled Ethiopia: The
We meant it to be a token of our appreciation of your friendly
gesture, and a contribution to the need of "the branch church
you have in Krobo where individuals are honouring SELASIE doctrines,
but do not have the reading materials."
Our distribution office is hereby advised to mail to you a copy
of the aforementioned book as a complimentary gift through the
following postal address you provided us with in you email.
E-mail from Moffat:
I belong to the Greek Orthodox Church (African Orthodox); and
I am trying to learn more about other Orthodox Churches, namely
Ethiopian, Coptic etc....
I have an interest also to know more about Rastafarian culture
and it's place in the Ethiopian Orthodox [Church].
Please help me out.
For you "to learn more about other Orthodox
Churches, namely, Ethiopian, Coptic, etc..", here is the
information that we wish to provide you with.
First of all, you need to know that we represent, speak of and
answer for only the True Tewah'do Church of Ethiopia: The Kingdom
of God, whose age of existence spans the past seven and half millennium
of years, and not of and for the one that calls itself the Ethiopian
Orthodox Church that accepted the claim of the Egyptian (Coptic)
Orthodox Church to have been established by the latter as its
diocese or branch church in Ethiopia in the fourth century A.
D. If you have meant the questions in your email to be directed
to the latter, you may withdraw your correspondence to us and
redirect them to the above now.
However, if you want to be acquainted with our True Ethiopian
Tewah'do Church, and "also to satisfy your interest and to
know more about Rastafarian culture and it's place in the Ethiopian
Orthodox [Church]", you will find the vital prerequisite
that would help you out from the mess of misinformation disseminated
by those entities from our published book entitled Ethiopia: The
Classic Case. Please read this book. You may order the same from
our web site if you choose. We urge you also to enlighten yourself
greatly by going through our various forums of our website, if
you have not done so up until now.
E-mail from Welde-Sellassie:
Believing in The Trinity, One God, Amen.
I would like to extend my Ethiopian Greetings before I point out
my target. Selam Ye Kirstos beteseboch; Yedingil Mariam wedajoch!
This is T. Bekalu (weS'me-Temqetu Welde Silase). I am very glad
with your last response. I have already bought all of your books,
I think they are 5 in number. Currently, I am unable to read all
the books. I hope God will help me to buy time and commit myself
to finish all your spiritual books.
For the time being, I am just referring to the points which I
really need answers at the moment by looking their contents. I
found the books very interesting. Let me extend one big benefit
that I gained after I finished reading one of your books.
I came to realize that Ethiopianism is not just only a citizenship.
It goes beyond that. For those who accept the truth, it is a way
of dwelling in the Holly Covenant which leads to The Divine Truth.
It gives me the courage to say loudly "I am Ethiopian".
Dear Nibure-Id! Today, I came up with two questions. I don't know
if they are well explained in one of your books, which are in
my hands this time:
The first Question is concerning the Sabbath. Is it Saturday or
Sunday? I need a detail explanation.
The second question is based on the bible verse Mathew 24:36,
"..But about that day and hour no one knows, neither the
angels of heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father." I tried
to type in bold the phrase "nor the Son'. I don't know if
it would appear in bold or not. But my question relies on that
phrase. I really get confused to know if it is referring to Jesus
Christ. I am spiritually poor. I have only the gut to know. The
Divine Truth. My faith is too much poor. In God's Name, I ask
you to explain me the contextual meaning of the verse I mentioned
Currently, I am a student and I don't know in what way I can contribute
my share to the Tewahedo Church. I would like to hear your recommendations.
Krstos Betsgaw bariko yabizan!
Thank you for revisiting our web site and for
your recent email with its contents of kind words and compliments.
I am glad to hear that you are contented with my last response
to you, and that you have gained the required knowledge about
your Ethiopian identity from your reading so far of some of my
publications. It is encouraging to us here to learn that you already
owned the five books published by our Services. The other two
publications that are missing in your book list are the English
version entitled, "Ethiopia: The Classic Case", and
my first book with a title of "M'nassie, YeMekeraye Des'ta,
Alem'n Retta!" that was published while I was in high school,
and which is now pending for reprint.
Indeed, your present two questions are dealt with somewhere in
my books one way or other. Yet, and even if they may require exegetic
treatment for elaborate explanation, I will be happy to give you
a preliminary exposition of them here and now that would meet
your immediate need:
1) To your first question concerning the Sabbath, as to whether
it is Saturday or Sunday that should be regarded as Sabbath, the
answer, in our Ethiopian case, is both are considered as the one
Sabbath. Here is the explanation: We, Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant
have and observe only ONE SABBATH. We do not consider and think
to have two Sabbaths, i.e., Saturday and Sunday, that we celebrate
First of all, for us, as Ethiopians, we need to disassociate ourselves
from using the foreign designations of the days of the two Sabbaths
as "Saturday" and "Sunday", at least in this
specific aspect of our discussion, because they do not give any
sense otherwise. Worse than that, if left as they are, they render
our theme of analysis untenable . For the names given by the foreigners
to these two days of the week along with the others are neither
conducive nor amenable to our case; they are even repulsive. Why?
Because, they are wholly terms that involve idolatry of creatures.
However, since our appellations of the two days of the Sabbath
relate to the Faith and Worship of the True God, we shall use,
in reference to these two days under consideration, only the Ethiopic
names of "Qedamit Senbet" and "Sebete-Chrstian"
in preference to "Saturday" and "Sunday" of
the foreigners respectively.
Based on that premise, let us see and examine what God did and
what happened with regard to Sabbath ever since its inception.
"Senbet', which, in G'iz, means "the Seventh Day of
Creation" is the original day of Sabbath. The foundation
of this designation is the Word of God Himself Who, in the final
days of the fulfillment of the Divine Promises and Prophesies,
became Man, born of the Ethiopian Virgin Mary. It was He, the
Incarnate God, Jesus Christ, as the Word of God, Who, at first
consecrated this Seventh Day of Creation as "Senbet",
then ordained us to observe it as such along with the rest of
the components of the Ten Commandments, finally proclaimed Himself,
the Lord of Senbet.
The Scriptural references of "Senbet" in light of the
foregoing account is as follows:
As established and consecrated by God Himself at the time of Creation,
"Thus, the heavens and the earth were completed in all their
vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work He had
been doing; so, on the seventh day He rested from all His work.
And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it
He rested from all the work of creating that He had done. (Genesis
As ordained to be observed by Believers as the fourth item of
the "Ten Commandments", "Remember the Sabbath day
by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work,
but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you
shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter,
nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the
alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens
and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested
on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day
and made it holy. (Exodus 20/8-11)
As construed by the Lord of the Sabbath Himself, "One Sabbath,
Jesus was going through the grain fields, and as His disciples
walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain. The Pharisees
said to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on
the Sabbath?" He answered, "Have you never read what
David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?
In the days of Abiathar the high priest, he entered the house
of God and ate the consecrated bread, which is lawful only for
priests to eat. And he also gave some to his companions."
Then he said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not
man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."
According to the above Biblical quotations, there is only one
Senbet, not two. However, the naming of "Q'dame" or
"Qedamit Senbet" implies the existence of a "Second"
and another Senbet which happens to be called "Senbete-Christian",
("Sabbath of the Christians"). Such designation again
suggests the presence of another name for "Senbet" which
happened to be "Senbete-Ayhud" ("Sabbath of the
Jews"). which is "Qedamit Senbet".
The whole scheme of such identification, including the one that
is known as "Q'dame S'ur" (The Disregarded Sabbath)
and that falls on the eve of Resurrection, is incorrect and misleading,
because it clearly indicates and loudly tells the existence of
two "Senbets": One, the original or the first that is
branded as belonging to the Jews; and the other, the second or
the last that is labeled as belonging to the Christians.
The Divine Deed that Our Lord Jesus Christ had executed on the
date of the so-called Q'dame S'ur, in fact, conveyed the opposite
message than the one expressed by the suffix designated to the
same as "Q'dame S'ur". In reality, He did not disregard
it as a result of His Death on the Cross and Burial, but, on the
contrary, He adhered to its perfect observance as the "Senbet"
by resting in His Sepulcher for the whole day and night of Sabbath.
It could be surmised that even if "Senbet" is only one,
another and a separate "Senbet" with a designation of
"Senbete-Christian" was introduced in the final eschatological
stage of our Christian Faith. This was prompted by the episode
that took place when Jesus Christ Resurrected from the Dead at
the end of the final instant of the split of the second of the
mid-night of "Senbet', i.e., the last day of the week, and
at the start of the initial instant of the split of the second
of the daybreak of "Ihud', i.e., the first day of the week.
Such situation, in turn, ensued the necessity of creating another
designation that seemed to be appropriate for the special case;
and that designation happened to be "Qedamit Senbet",
thus prompting the fabrication of "Dagmawit Senbet"
which is the so-called "Senbete-Christian". Still, such
surmise could not prove to justify the fallacy of the existence
of the two Senbets.
Here is the Divine Truth that came to be fulfilled and remained
everlasting: The "Senbet" is one and only one. It is
the one that was created and inaugurated, sanctified and exercised,
observed and eternalized by its Founder, Victim and Lord, the
Word of God and the Incarnate God Jesus Christ Himself. As it
is written in the above quotations of the Bible, It is the one
"Senbet" mentioned throughout the whole span of the
unbroken eschatological life of the Holy Covenant which is chronologically
set and classified as:
1) the Covenant of God with the Human Soul (Kidane-L'bbona) that
occurred initially at the time of Adam and Eve;
2) the Covenant of the Ark of God with the Human Flesh (Kidane-Orit)
that took place later at the time of Moses; and
3) the Covenant of God with the complete Human Being through His
Holy Spirit (Kidane-Menfes Q'ddus) that finally came about by
the Atonement of Jesus Christ born of the Virgin Mary.
The one "Senbet" that is currently referred to as "Q'dame",
"Qedamit Senbet" or "Senbete-Ayhud" was initially
preserved and confirmed by the Death and Interment of Jesus Christ,
pursuant to the Old Testament stipulations. It was ultimately
rejuvenated, extended and eternalized by the Resurrection of the
Same Lord, only to be renamed and currently referred to as "Ihud",
"YeIhud Senbet" or "Senbete-Christian", pursuant
to the New Testament provisions.
Therefore, Ihud (Sunday), the first day, along with the rest of
the days of the week, is simply the extension of of the one Senbet.
Had the Divine Intent not been such, the Resurrected Incarnate
God would have risen from the dead on one of the following weekdays,
and not on the immediate consecutive day of "Ihud" (Sunday),
that is adjoined to "Senbet" itself. It is also extraordinarily
significant to take note of the appointed time and means of the
Atonement of Jesus Christ that culminated in His Death and Resurrection,
which caused the effective demolition of the wall of Perversion
erected by the Triple Forces: Evil, Sin and Death in collaboration
with Humans, both men and women, from Genesis to Divine Incarnation
We, Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant, as a result of this Divine
Reality, currently lead such life of The Senbet that is Holy,
Ecstatic and Eternall within the Realm of Our Ethiopia: The Kingdom
It is a well-known fact that "Ihud" (Sunday), was initially
the first working day of the week in the Divine Creation, and
continued to be so throughout the whole duration of the Old Testament.
Now, its transformation into an extension of The Senbet, made
possible by the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, signifies and proves
the emergence of the Senbet into its final phase of Infinite Existence.
Not only "Ihud", but also the periods of the feasts
immediately after great Holidays when Believers are allowed to
enjoy every meal unrestricted, i.e., without fasting and engagement
of special prayers, were all instituted and annually observed
to exemplify just as well the extension, continuation and eternity
of the One Senbet. These periods are the fifty days following
the Resurrection Holiday of Jesus Christ (Be'ale T'nsa'e-Be'ale
Menfes Q'ddus); the fifteen days after the Resurrection Celebration
of the Holy Virgin Mary (Nehassie 16-30), the forty days after
the Dual Birthday Anniversary of The Holy Virgin Mary and Her
Son Jesus Christ (Meskerem 1-T'q'mt 10); and the ten days after
the Festival of T'mqet (Epiphany) (T'rr 11-T'rr 21).
In contrast to such blissful situation of the Senbet in which
we are blessed to live in the human body and on earth, we still
fast, pray, worship, and render charitable services as usual.
Why? It is simply because of the following reason: In order for
us to live that life of ecstasy that we are leading currently
in the spiritual phenomenon also to enjoy it physically as well,
we need to be engaged in such religious practices, since we are
residing in the secular world and among peoples differing in all
kinds of political, social, religious, cultural, and economic
persuasions, and where we continue to face the challenge of the
2) The answer to your second question that reads "No one
knows about that day or hour, not even the Angels in Heaven, nor
the Son, but only the Father." (Matt. 24/36) and its interpretation
is briefly as follows:
Our Lord and Priestly-King Jesus Christ knew perfectly well the
innermost intent of His Disciples when they pleaded Him in solitude
not only to tell them but also to reveal to them all the Divine
Secrets of His Second Coming and the end of the world. There was
nothing that He did not disclose to them except the knowledge
"about that day and hour!" It seems most emphatically
that He uttered these Words, including, "No one knows, not
even the Angels in Heaven, but only the Father," specially
those that concerned Him, "nor the Son".
No question that He did this deliberately and well beforehand.
His Declaration was absolute and unequivocal. He said it just
to stop them not only from asking, but also even from thinking
to ask Him further to impart to them this Divine Prerogative of
the Trinity, expressed in His Words of "but only the Father"
in the Domain of which, not them, but He only, as God the Son,
have the privilege of sharing the unique Divine Knowledge "about
that day and hour". He meant it to hint to them neither to
attempt in any way to transgress the limit of their human competency
and abuse their deserved intimacy with the Incarnate God nor to
infringe upon that Divine Right of His Godhead..
From His presentation and exposition of the signs of His Second
Coming, one could easily deduce that He was, otherwise, generously
open to them to the fullest in letting them have all the details
that they needed to comprehend, and to grasp all matters that
are relevant and humanly possible for them to conceive of.
Had He, Jesus Christ, not pronounceed those Words so explicitly
and convincingly they, His Disciples, would have certainly solicited,
or even demanded Him to disclose to them "that day and hour"
of His Second Coming.
The following opening verse of the Chapter (Matt. 24), quoted
above, depicts unequivocally the attitude of the Disciples at
the time of their posing of their inquiry to their Master about
His Second Coming, thus reflecting and confirming the above exegetical
"As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples
came to him privately. 'Tell us,' they said, 'when will this happen,
and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the
age?'" (Matt. 24/3)
In closing, this will be our opinion to your last remark in
your email: What is required of you at present as a student
and as an Ethiopian is for you to continue diligently with your
education along with your search for the Divine Truth about
Ethiopia and Ethiopianness of the Holy Covenant. Once you came
to know your true identity as an Ethiopian of the Holy Covenant,
you will be in a position to offer your share of the contribution
in the services of Ethiopia: The kingdom of God.
However, to attain and maintain that Sacred Goal, you need to
finish reading those books of ours that are in your hands, and
at the same time, to constantly pursue to peruse the materials
posted on the various Forums of our website.
N'bure-Id Ermias Kebbede Welde-Yesus,
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God Services
E-mail from Hiwot: 8/23/2008:
Could you please tell me the Bible lines which state about
Ethiopia along with the chapter and number?
Please find the Bible lines that state about Ethiopia
along with the chapter and number quotations listed hereunder
from King James Version, in accordance with your request.
1. Genesis 2:13
And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that
compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
Genesis 2:12-14 (in Context) Genesis 2 (Whole Chapter)
2. Numbers 12:1
And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian
woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman.
Numbers 12:1-3 (in Context) Numbers 12 (Whole Chapter)
3. 2 Kings 19:9
And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he
is come out to fight against thee: he sent messengers again unto
2 Kings 19:8-10 (in Context) 2 Kings 19 (Whole Chapter)
4. 2 Chronicles 12:3
With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen:
and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt;
the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.
2 Chronicles 12:2-4 (in Context) 2 Chronicles 12 (Whole Chapter)
5. 2 Chronicles 14:9
And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an host
of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came unto
2 Chronicles 14:8-10 (in Context) 2 Chronicles 14 (Whole Chapter)
6. 2 Chronicles 14:12
So the LORD smote the Ethiopians before Asa, and before Judah;
and the Ethiopians fled.
2 Chronicles 14:11-13 (in Context) 2 Chronicles 14 (Whole Chapter)
7. 2 Chronicles 14:13
And Asa and the people that were with him pursued them unto Gerar:
and the Ethiopians were overthrown, that they could not recover
themselves; for they were destroyed before the LORD, and before
his host; and they carried away very much spoil.
2 Chronicles 14:12-14 (in Context) 2 Chronicles 14 (Whole Chapter)
8. 2 Chronicles 16:8
Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims a huge host, with very
many chariots and horsemen? yet, because thou didst rely on the
LORD, he delivered them into thine hand.
2 Chronicles 16:7-9 (in Context) 2 Chronicles 16 (Whole Chapter)
9. 2 Chronicles 21:16
Moreover the LORD stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the
Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians:
2 Chronicles 21:15-17 (in Context) 2 Chronicles 21 (Whole Chapter)
10. Esther 1:1
Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus
which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred
and seven and twenty provinces:)
Esther 1:1-3 (in Context) Esther 1 (Whole Chapter)
11. Esther 8:9
Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third
month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day
thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded
unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers
of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred
twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the
writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and
to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their
Esther 8:8-10 (in Context) Esther 8 (Whole Chapter)
12. Job 28:19
The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be
valued with pure gold.
Job 28:18-20 (in Context) Job 28 (Whole Chapter)
13. Psalm 68:31
Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out
her hands unto God.
Psalm 68:30-32 (in Context) Psalm 68 (Whole Chapter)
14. Psalm 87:4
I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me:
behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this man was born there.
Psalm 87:3-5 (in Context) Psalm 87 (Whole Chapter)
15. Isaiah 18:1
Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers
Isaiah 18:1-3 (in Context) Isaiah 18 (Whole Chapter)
16. Isaiah 20:3
And the LORD said, Like as my servant Isaiah hath walked naked
and barefoot three years for a sign and wonder upon Egypt and
Isaiah 20:2-4 (in Context) Isaiah 20 (Whole Chapter)
17. Isaiah 20:4
So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners,
and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot,
even with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
Isaiah 20:3-5 (in Context) Isaiah 20 (Whole Chapter)
18. Isaiah 20:5
And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation,
and of Egypt their glory.
Isaiah 20:4-6 (in Context) Isaiah 20 (Whole Chapter)
19. Isaiah 37:9
And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, He is come
forth to make war with thee. And when he heard it, he sent messengers
to Hezekiah, saying,
Isaiah 37:8-10 (in Context) Isaiah 37 (Whole Chapter)
20. Isaiah 43:3
For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour:
I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.
Isaiah 43:2-4 (in Context) Isaiah 43 (Whole Chapter)
21. Isaiah 45:14
Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia
and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee,
and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains
they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they
shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee;
and there is none else, there is no God.
Isaiah 45:13-15 (in Context) Isaiah 45 (Whole Chapter)
22. Jeremiah 13:23
Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? then
may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do evil.
Jeremiah 13:22-24 (in Context) Jeremiah 13 (Whole Chapter)
23. Jeremiah 38:7
Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was
in the king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon;
the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin;
Jeremiah 38:6-8 (in Context) Jeremiah 38 (Whole Chapter)
24. Jeremiah 38:10
Then the king commanded Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Take
from hence thirty men with thee, and take up Jeremiah the prophet
out of the dungeon, before he die.
Jeremiah 38:9-11 (in Context) Jeremiah 38 (Whole Chapter)
25. Jeremiah 38:12
And Ebedmelech the Ethiopian said unto Jeremiah, Put now these
old cast clouts and rotten rags under thine armholes under the
cords. And Jeremiah did so.
Jeremiah 38:11-13 (in Context) Jeremiah 38 (Whole Chapter)
26. Jeremiah 39:16
Go and speak to Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the
LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring my words
upon this city for evil, and not for good; and they shall be accomplished
in that day before thee.
Jeremiah 39:15-17 (in Context) Jeremiah 39 (Whole Chapter)
27. Jeremiah 46:9
Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty
men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the
shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.
Jeremiah 46:8-10 (in Context) Jeremiah 46 (Whole Chapter)
28. Ezekiel 29:10
Behold, therefore I am against thee, and against thy rivers, and
I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, from
the tower of Syene even unto the border of Ethiopia.
Ezekiel 29:9-11 (in Context) Ezekiel 29 (Whole Chapter)
29. Ezekiel 30:4
And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in
Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take
away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.
Ezekiel 30:3-5 (in Context) Ezekiel 30 (Whole Chapter)
30. Ezekiel 30:5
Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and
Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with
them by the sword.
Ezekiel 30:4-6 (in Context) Ezekiel 30 (Whole Chapter)
31. Ezekiel 30:9
In that day shall messengers go forth from me in ships to make
the careless Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon
them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.
Ezekiel 30:8-10 (in Context) Ezekiel 30 (Whole Chapter)
32. Ezekiel 38:5
Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield
Ezekiel 38:4-6 (in Context) Ezekiel 38 (Whole Chapter)
33. Daniel 11:43
But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver,
and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and
the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.
Daniel 11:42-44 (in Context) Daniel 11 (Whole Chapter)
34. Amos 9:7
Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of
Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the
land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians
Amos 9:6-8 (in Context) Amos 9 (Whole Chapter)
35. Nahum 3:9
Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put
and Lubim were thy helpers.
Nahum 3:8-10 (in Context) Nahum 3 (Whole Chapter)
36. Zephaniah 2:12
Ye Ethiopians also, ye shall be slain by my sword.
Zephaniah 2:11-13 (in Context) Zephaniah 2 (Whole Chapter)
37. Zephaniah 3:10
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter
of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.
Zephaniah 3:9-11 (in Context) Zephaniah 3 (Whole Chapter)
38. Acts 8:27
And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch
of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who
had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem
for to worship,
Acts 8:26-28 (in Context) Acts 8 (Whole Chapter)
E-mail from Gladwell: 8/18/2008
Just want to know more about Ethiopia religion?
The religion of Ethiopia: The kingdom of God is
best outlined concisely and in details in all the published books
and printed materials posted on the Home page and various forums
of our web site, particularly in the sections of "FAITH"
and "Q & A".
Please peruse those items thoroughly. By then, we are certain
that you will be quite knowledgeable on the subject you needed.
If not, you may contact us, and we will communicate with you further.
E-mail from Abiy Mulissa: 8/5/2008
Please, does our Church (Orto-dox) has a printed books about
giving name related birth and death details & procedures?
For example, why do we need Christian name? Is it true if someone
died we can't call his name, but his Christian name only? Why?
I want to buy one copy of each from all different books. I don't
know how much discount you have. Please, let me know, including
"Dersane Mutan". Thank you for your time.
To answer your questions put forward in your email:
1) As far as we know, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church do not have
"printed books about giving name related to birth and death
detailed procedures" except what is provided for in Her Canon
Law book called "F'tha Negest" that was compiled and
introduced by the Coptic (Egyptian) Orthodox Church. You may inquire
for positive answer to this question by writing directly to the
Church or by approaching anyone of the members of Her clergy you
may come across.
2) The following reason explains why we need to give a Christian
Name to an individual member of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God,
within which the Church, designated as "the House of the
Priesthood" is an integral part. This procedure is conducted
at the time of the initiation of the individual, attained through
the Sacrament of Baptism.
At that Sacred Ceremony, a Christian Name is given to the infant
or to the person to be baptized who is instantly declared that
the latter, as full-fledged Child of God, becomes an Amhara (meaning
"Liberated Person among the Free Society Under God"),
or a Christian and/or an Ethiopian. Such name could be suggested
by parents or by the God Parents of the latter, or by the officiating
priest. There is no restriction as far as the selection of the
name is concerned; however, the prior prerogative to do so is
granted to the parents or the guardians of the infant or the person
to be baptized. In all cases, the officiating priest has the overruling
power to make sure that the name is appropriate and acceptable
religiously, and that it includes one of the Names or the Designations
of God, or of The virgin Mary, or of one of the Angels or of Saints
as prefix or suffix.
It is well known that the ordinary or normal name, referred to
as "Worldly Name" signifies the birth in the flesh from
the human parents, the father and mother. The same applies in
the case of the "Christian Name", but viewed from the
spiritual aspect. Referred to as such, the Christian Name signifies
"the Birth in the Holy Spirit from the Divine Parents, this
time the Holy Father being God and the Holy Mother being The Virgin
This is the Name, i.e., the Christian Name, that remains everlasting
as it is given to commemorate and immortalize the consecration
of the whole person of that baptized individual whose Second Birth
that was accomplished through the Holy Spirit proves to be Divine
3) You can, of course, call, anytime and anywhere, the "worldly
name" or the "Christian Name" of anyone who is
deceased. This is your right. But whenever you pray or engaged
in commemorative prayer for the deceased, you need to invoke only
his/her Christian Name for the reasons specified above. While,
his/her Living Soul is separated from the dead flesh, i.e., from
the physical body that remains behind with its worldly name to
fade away in corruption here on Earth, the Soul continues to dwell
in its spiritual body in the Everlasting Life up in the Heavenly
It is, therefore, fitting to recognize the Divine Truth that only
the Christian Name that affirms such Spiritual Birthright to live
in the Heavens ought to be used in the spiritual and prayerful
communications between the believers on the earth and those in
4) With regard to purchasing our books, the cost depends where
you are located. To find out the difference, if you live in Ethiopia,
please contact our office in Addis Abeba, tel. no. 011-4-161885,
or our mailing address: P. O. Box 812. Otherwise, if you live
abroad, you may order each book according to the procedure set
down in the section entitled "Books" on our web site.
If you cannot afford to pay the required amount, please let us
know the sum you are in a position to pay, and we will consider
the possibility to meet your situation.
As to the publication of "Dersane Mutan", you may directly
buy at, or order from any Ethiopian Orthodox Church bookstore
in Addis Abeba or elsewhere.
E-mail from Sis Benjamin: 8/1/2008
Do you know that Emperor Haile selassie I is Christ's righteous
branch that sit upon David Throne?
Jeremiah 23 Vs 5 reads: "Behold the days come saith the
Lord that I will raise unto David a righteous branch and a king
shall rain and prosper and shall execute judgment and justice
in the earth; in his days, Judah shall be saved and Israel shall
dwell safely; and this is the name whereby he shall be called
the Lord our Righteousness. Behold the days come saith the Lord
that that they shall no more say the Lord liveth who brought
up and let the children of Israel from the land of Egypt. But
the Lord liveth who let the seed of the house of Israel from
the north country and all countries where I have driven them
and they shall dwell in their own land."
The code for this Scripture I found for myself is King S in
shall, E in execute, L in Israel, A in name, SS in rightousness,
I in Children, E in seed and I have driven them.
It seems that you are attempting to attribute
erroneously the Word of God pronounced by one of His Prophets
(Jer. Chapter 23, verses 5-8) to Atsie Haile-Sellassie I.
Please, be advised and be reminded, as the case may be, in the
inspiration and guidance of the Holy Spirit, that the above quotation,
along with all Scriptural Prophecies, was foretold about and was
fulfilled 2000 years ago by the Advent and Atonement of the Incarnate
God born of the Ethiopian Blessed Virgin Mary. Those Prophetic
Divine Words are, therefore, ascribed only and uniquely to Our
Eternal Priestly King, The Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah,
Jesus Christ, and to no one else among heavenly or earthly creatures.
For details on this subject, we suggest to you to read particularly
our published book entitled, Ethiopia: The Classic Case, posted
on our web site, if you had not done so until now.
E-mail from Getinet Bezabih:
Christians have different doctrines about their religion,
like Catholic, Jova, Protestant, Orthodox etc--but their origin
is God. Why does this difference exists between them?
The answer to your question as to why Christians
have different doctrines for their religion, and call themselves
in different names like Catholics, Orthodox, Protestant, etc.,
while their origin is God is provided with the following brief
All these differences are simply man-made, and not Divine creations.
The nature of human beings is such that they are inclined to make
up their individual and/or collective perceptions about God Himself
as well as their own interpretations of His Word. While God is
One and His Truth is One and One only, it is the perverted propensity
of the mind of human beings that tend to abuse the power of the
Soul that is inherent in its nature constituting the Image of
God to distort, under the influence of the Evil, the True Image
of that Same One God and that Same One Truth of Him. Interestingly,
the same power of the Soul, if it so wills and chooses, could
be similarly applied to rectify the distortion through the Inspiration
of the Holy Spirit, thus to reinstate the Divine Truth.
Anyway, as long as human beings believe and worship in One True
God Who is the Creator of the whole Universe, including the Heavenly
One, and Provider to the same, religious and/or doctrinal diversities
in human communities was found, not adversely to affect the Faith
in God, but rather to enhance it.
Let us underline here, an extraordinary and significant fact with
respect to this issue: True Ethiopians should rejoice for the
special Divine Privilege that we are endowed with by the Grace
of God as a result of our positive choice for and adherence to
the Faith of the Holy Covenant. Yes, this jubilation is not without
cause: The Doctrine of the Religion of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of
God is the original and the authentic, the unique and the unbroken
one that was founded, at the beginning of Creation of the Universe
and of Adam and Eve, by God Himself, upon the Holy Covenant that
comprises the Seven Sacred Covenants that God Made with Humans,
and whose age spans the last seven millenniums and a half years.
Now, notwithstanding the foregoing statement, the bad news is
that there should have been no any other religions among human
beings or different doctrines among Christians other than the
One referred above, viz. the religion and doctrine of Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God. The Good News, however, is that, all the aforementioned
adversaries will, on the Final Day of The Divine Judgment that
is forthcoming, will rise up in unison, discarding their differences
and accepting the One Faith and the one Doctrine of the One Religion
of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God.
E-mail from Amrach G/Sellassie: 7/30/2008
So, this organization does not know Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido
Church, I was confused before you sent me a respond about the
expression above. I have a comment with that: Don't you have
words to express that initiate people to visit those sites?
I am really grateful for the reply... Is there anything that
I can share with your expenses that support to translate the
text into Amharic?
I am a government employee working at D. University. A lot of
foreign friends I have who are very interested to know much
about our church. So, please, don't hesitate to respond to my
question. Yes, I have been reading some of your books as am
working at library, but I didn't realize who wrote them. Now
I will try to find the others, We have no access here in D.
Hope will find sometimes from Addis.
May God follow in all your activity ... I believe that you are
already blessed by God. Ye Egziabher Cherintu Ye Embetachin
Kidist Dingil Mariam Amalaginet Kehulachin gar yihun, lezelealemu,
We are glad to hear from you of your continuous
interest and effort to enlighten yourself with the knowledge of
the Divine Truth about the entity of Ethiopia and the identity
of Ethiopians by reading our books and materials posted on our
web site. We hope and pray that you will prevail in your present
endeavour expressed in your email.
We appreciate your comment with regard to using words that would
motivate people to visit our web site. Please be informed that
the whole Divine Setup and network of our Services is founded
on, and guided and helped by the unwavering inspiration of the
Holy Spirit only. Based on this premise, we have been doing so
far, are still engaged in, and will keep on exerting all we can.
As a result, we are certain to sustain our purpose and achieve
our goal. We will, therefore, notify to you as well as to the
rest of our audience when the time comes for the need of your
contribution to be effected and utilized for the objective proposed
in your email.
Until then, we thank you again for your expressed willingness
to participate in the expenses of our projected enterprise of
translating the English texts of our items, particularly in the
Q & A Forum, of our web site, and wish you and your friends
all the best wherever you are and pray for your success.
E-mail from Getinet: 7/30/2008
I WANT the e-mail address of missionaries,
charity of sisters, MC, in order to get financial aid for my graduation
at GONDAR UNIVERSITY. I was learning at high school when they
sponsored so that I want to communicate with them by using their
We do not have the information you requested us
regarding the email addresses of missionaries and charity of sisters
that would help you financially in your graduation at Gondar University,
for this field is not our concern. So, we regret for not being
able to provide you with the aforementioned details.
We wish you all the best and pray for your success.
Servant of Ethiopia: The kingdom of God
E-mail from Gebre Mariam: 7/29/2008
Greetings in the Name of the Triune God, Abba
I would ask you two questions about the Ethiopian
1) What are the Ten Commandments for the Ethiopian Faith? I want
to know the right way to count and divide them, because there
are many differences between the churches.
2) I know that God has a perfect human image. But this figure
is male or female? We know that Cristos is the perfect image of
God, so I would think Amlack has a male image. But we know that
human being was made male and female in the image of God. Can
you help me to understand?
Please refer to me as N'bure-Id or Qess Ermias,
but not as Abba Ermias. This is because I am a married Ethiopian
priest with children. You may know that "Abba" is traditionally
used only for monks, or celibates - unmarried priests. Even so,
we should always account for Our Lord's Teaching in this regard
that admonishes us to refrain from using this term, Abba. (Matt.
Now, in order to address your two questions, here
follows the first answer: The sum and listing of the Ten Commandments
of our Ethiopian Faith, in accord with the title of the same,
is exactly TEN. Here is their written order and composition for
First: I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the
land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Second: Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not
make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing
that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that
is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself
to them, nor serve them: For I the LORD thy God am a jealous God,
visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the
third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing
mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Third: Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain;
for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name
Fourth: Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt
thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath
of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor
thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant,
nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For
in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that
in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed
the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Fifth: Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be
long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Sixth: Thou shalt not kill.
Seventh: Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Eight: Thou shalt not steal.
Ninth: Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Tenth: Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt
not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant,
nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
(Exodus 20: 2-17 [King James Version])
The second answer to your two questions is as follows: It is based
on the verses of Scriptures quoted hereunder:
"And God said, 'Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness:
and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over
the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth,
and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So
God created man in His own image, in the image of God created
He him; male and female created he them. ...And the LORD God formed
man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils
the breath of life; and man became a living soul. And the LORD
God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man
whom he had formed. ...And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to
fall upon Adam, and he slept: and He took one of his ribs, and
closed up the flesh instead thereof; and the rib, which the LORD
God had taken from man, made He a woman, and brought her unto
the man. And Adam said, 'This is now bone of my bones, and flesh
of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken
out of Man.' Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother,
and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. And
they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed."
(Genesis 1: 26-27; 2: 7-8, 21-25 [King James Version])
When the Bible says that God made Man, or the Human Being, "in
His Image, and as Male and Female", it certainly implies
that the Image of God is not only Male or Female, but Both Male
and Female united in a Divine, unique and mysterious way, thus
rendering them equals when they were revealed in two separate
and distinct physical and spiritual entities of the genders. The
authenticity of this fact is substantiated in the prior single
creation of the being of the First and the Progenitor Adam, considered
as Male in whom Eve, considered as Female, was already inherently
incorporated within that single being of Adam. Again, this resultant
and corroborative Truth is demonstrated by the consequential creation
of Eve's being as an integral part of that one entity of Adam
when She was made up of the rib of the latter by the Divine Wisdom
and Hands, as described in the Words of God quoted above.
Look what happened in the Eschatological Days of the Incarnation
of God that took place in the Womb of the Virgin Mary. At that
crossroads came to pass exactly the reverse of the primary episode
of the First Adam and the First Eve: The Son of God, became the
Second and the Ultimate Adam in Jesus Christ as Divine and Human,
not of, by and from the seed of the Male, but by, of and from
the Female, The Virgin Mary.
As such, and just as He is The Perfect Divine and The Perfect
Human, united in the mystery of Tewah'do, The Incarnate God is
also a Unique Being: neither Male nor Female, but an entity described
best in the G'iz designation of "Iguwale-Imme-H'yaw"
which means, "Son of the Mother of the Living" in whose
Being, like the first Adam, the reverse phenomenal and Divine
process was executed. This time the authenticity of this reality
is substantiated in the prior single and unaffected willpower
of the Second and Ultimate Being of Eve, i.e., The Virgin Mary,
considered as Female, in whom the Second and Ultimate Adam, The
Incarnate God Jesus Christ, considered as Male, was already inherently
incorporated within that single Being of the Former who made Herself
pristine by Her own resolute and impeccable True Love of and Choice
Again, this resultant and corroborative Truth is demonstrated
by the consequential Birth of the Being of the Incarnate God Jesus
Christ from the Womb of The Virgin Mary as an integral part of
that one entity of the Second and Ultimate Eve, thus rendering
the Former neither Male nor Female, but a Unique Entity constituting
an embodiment of Both Genders, just in the Original Image of the
First Adam: Yes, in the Eternal Image of God in Whose Image Man,
as Male and Female, was originally created.
E-mail from Dr. Matyas: 7/28/2008
Greetings Hon. N'bure-Id, I wrote you time ago, and I received
all the informations I needed for my theological studies. Now,
I need your help to understand an important aspect of Ethiopian
faith. I have to know more about female circumcision and cross
tattoos. I know that these two practices were ordered by Zara
Yacob. But are not they in conflict with Bible teachings? What
is the position of your church on these matters? I hope you
will find the time to give me the spiritual aid to see the truth.
Thanks for your Blessed Work.
I am glad to hear from you again after relatively
long while, and to know that the information you received so far
from us contributed positively to your theological studies.
The following statements are provided as an answer to your present
question. I hope you will benefit from them as usual:
1) Indeed, it is worth for you to note and understand all of the
important aspects of the Ethiopian Faith with regard to circumcision
including that of the female one. Circumcision is, for us Ethiopians,
an integral part of our Faith of the Holy Covenant -the fourth
one in the series of the Seven Covenants- even before the time
of Abraham. Here, do not forget that the Spiritual Circumcision
of the Heart that was maintained as more significant by the Ethiopians
up until the time of their ancestor, the First Melckezedeq, preceded
that of the physical one that was inaugurated on the person of
Abraham, who was then a Gentile, after the latter was enlightened
by the former on the belief and worship of God.
The practice of the physical female circumcision in our case is
not like the one that is conducted by and on pagans or gentiles,
including Muslims, even to this day: To the extent of excising
the main parts of the female organ, such as the clitoris. Ours
is simply administered by removing the foreskin or prepuce within
the labia just as it is carried out on that of the male organ.
In the Ethiopian context, the reason why the rite is performed
on both the male and the female organ is based on the Divine Truth
that the Ethiopians of the Holy Covenant, right from the time
of Adam and Eve to that of The Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ, never
made any kind of discrimination between the two genders. They
consider both genders as equals created in the same Image of God
with the identical status and prerogatives of the Divine Blessings
bestowed upon both. They do not distinctively exclude or degrade
the females from the males in the numerous varieties of social
instances as the Jews, Muslims and other religious communities
do. Such state of affairs of Ethiopians remains invariably the
same all through the ages from antiquity to the present that continues
2) As to the Cross Tattoo, the practice is not part and parcel
of the precepts of the Holy Covenant as Circumcision is. It is
neither obligatory nor conventional; it is optional, and sometimes
considered even to be cosmetic. As such, it is for the individual
to choose and decide whether or not to be tattooed. It is simply
executed either on ones forehead or on any of the parts and limbs
of the body to serve that individual as a sign of identifying
himself or herself as a Christian among intermingled population
that constitutes other religions and cultures of all sorts.
The Cross Tattoo serves such purposes just like other similar
customs do: Few samples could be sited here as examples, such
as tying around one's neck a single or triple coloured intertwined
thread of green, gold and red signifying the symbol of the rainbow,
Noah's Covenant with God, or putting on a handcrafted metal Cross
with a necklace or band, or knitting the symbol of the Cross on
clothes and dresses as embroidery.
Even in such application of the sign of the Cross, it is not the
physical aspect of its manifestation that greatly matters to Ethiopians
of the Holy Covenant, but the spiritual one that is enshrined
in the individual's heart and mind.
I am certain that Atsie Zer'a Ya'iqob ordered such practices to
be exercised by the believers on the perception of the foregoing
premises. Such notion of the subject matter and the ensuing practices
do not in any way contradict the relevant Biblical Teachings,
but rather enhance them to the contrary.
We admire your pursuit for the Divine Truth about the Ethiopian
Faith of the Holy Covenant, and pray for your achievement of the
N'bure-Id Ermias K. Wolde-Yesus
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God
E-mail from Seyfe Michael: 7/28/2008:
My friends and me were discussing Bible after Sunday Church
Here are the questions we have regarding Henock chapter 2 #
2. We are kind of confused, because it's mentioned for all the
problem it's caused for humanity; it has angels roles. Can we
get some help?
According to our references, the verse in Henock
(Enoch) chapter 2 #2 relates the account based on the premises
of that of Genesis chapter 6 #1-7. What the former quotation describes
that community as "Deqiqe-Isset" (Children of Seth)
who dwells in "Debr-Q'ddus" (Mount Holy), the latter
designates the same community as "ye'Igziabher L'joch"
(Children of God) in contrast to those human beings identified
as "yeSew L'joch" or "yeQa'el L'joch" (Children
of humans or of the Evil) in both verses and cases.
While a minority of only one family of Noh (Noah) that comprised
eight individuals, personifies the 'Children of God" that
was saved from extinction by the Flood as a result of its adherence
to its Faith in God, the great majority of multitudes of families
representing the rest of humanity typifies the "Children
of Humans" that perished in the Devastation of the Curse
as a result of its lack of Faith in God. Here, it should be noted
that the deciding factor for the fates of both groups was and
is and always remains for ever the same: acceptance or rejection
of Faith in God.
Consequently, it is The Holy Spirit that inspires and guides,
and the Angeles of God that protect the "Children of God"
in every and all vicissitudes of their lives. And it is the Evil
Spirit of the Devil with the aid of his messengers and henchmen
that incites, encourages and backs up the "Children of Humans"
to do evil and bring about their own destruction in death.
We urge you to continue your Scriptural discussions
and search for the Divine Truth about your Identity and Faith
of the Holy Covenant to which we Ethiopians are deeply attached.
E-mail from Amrach G/Sellassie, UK:
This is not actually to ask a question. I just
wanted to have a good relationship to strength my faith and know
more about Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido and the belief of the other
world. Hope you will help my poor faith.
Dear Amrach G/Sellassie
We are happy to initiate "a good relationship"
between you and us in order to strengthen your faith, in the knowledge
of which you admitted to be poor, and, of course, if you are a
believer of the Ethiopian Tewah'do Faith within Ethiopia: The
Kingdom of God.
However, to be committed, on our part, to such relationship, we
have a precondition for you to comply with on your part. That
precondition is: You need to read all the books that are posted
on our web site as well as all the materials that are published
therein, specifically in the Q & A Forum, prior to the initial
stage of that prospective relationship envisaged and proposed
by you. Such imperative prerequisite is necessitated because almost
all your questions you will put forward and the knowledge you
are required to attain are all contained in those books and materials.
This measure will certainly result in saving the valuable time
that you and we both would be required to spend to attain the
mutual goal that you suggested in your email
Once you accomplished this commitment, which will enable you,
among many other reasons, why we do not use the term "Orthodox"
and identify our Ethiopian Faith with the same, we will be ready
to embark upon the undertaking of our "good relationship"
with you, as soon as we are informed of such accomplishment on
E-mail from Tenager Bekalu: :
In the Name of Trinity One God Amen!!
Dear Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God Services servants:
Peace be unto you!
My name is Tenager Bekalu. I am living in Finland. I would like
to buy some of the books which are written by Nibure Id Ermiyas
Kebede. I have bought and read one of his books entitled: "Ethiopia
Ena Ethiopiyawenet" and I found it to be very strange and
inspiring that digs for The Truth about my identity and my Ethiopian
Therefore, I would like you to choose me the best book which would
help me to get to know about The Service and History of The ministry,
and The people of Ethiopia. Moreover, I would like to know how
I can do the purchase online here.
At last, I would like to know if there is some means to get Nibure
Id Ermias Kebede for some questions. I hope you will answer me
Dear Ato Tenager Beqalu:
We are glad that you were able to get and read
one of the three volumes of the book by N'bure-Id Ermias Kebbede
Weldeyesus and published under a title of "ItioPia inna ItioPiawinnet",
even though we do not know which one of these volumes you have
As a concerned and serious Ethiopian, you will find all the information
that relates to Ethiopia, the Ethiopians and Ethiopiawinnet, in
the books posted on our web site. We, therefore, recommend to
you and urge you to read all those books aforementioned in order
for you to be well versed in the Ethiopian Knowledge of the Divine
Here are three alternative ways for you to order, purchase and
receive the books:
1) By clicking online the "Books" button on the Home
Page of our web site and following the instructions of submitting
the required information therein including the method of payment
managed through PayPal. If you do not prefer to utilize that process
of the transaction, the other options are:
1. 2) By mailing to our postal address, shown hereunder, your
personal check payable to: Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God Services,
signed, with full payment that covers both the cost of the book
(books) as well as that of the shipping & handling, posted
on the "Book" section of our web site. Please attach
with your check a note specifying the title and number of the
book (books) you desire to order. You may need to email to us
for any additional information or clarification on related matters
such as the amount of the charge for shipping & handling to
the country you are residing, to which we will respond to you
by return email. Our mailing address for this purpose is: Ethiopia:
The Kingdom of God, P. O. Box 43262, Washington, DC, 20010-9262,
3) By calling at our Telephone numbers of USA (301) 587-8074);
or of Ethiopia: 011-4-161885.
Finally, we would like you to know that you can communicate with
N'bure-Id Ermias Kebbede WeldeYesus, by means of our current email
address of our web site, or through our Ethiopian postal address
of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God Services, P. O. Box 812, Addis
Abeba, ETHIOPIA, or by calling Tel. No. 011-4-161885.
E-mail from Surafel Ejigu.:
Dear Ato Surafel Ejjigu:
Our positive reply to your question is: God had
already come to this world long ago. He is Omnipresent ever since
and will remain as such for ever.
His perceptible advents were done in three stages, other than
the manifestation of the Creation of the whole Universe:
The first was when He created the progenitors of human beings,
i.e., Adam and Eve, in His Image;
The second was when He was born from Our Holy Mother The Virgin
Mary with the Divine Name of Jesus Christ, The Incarnate God;
The third and the final one was when He descended from Heavens
and filled the whole Universe as The Holy Spirit.
Such Divine Revelations in the aforementioned Three Ways is currently
a reality and is evident in the person of yourself: God is within
As to His Coming at the end of the world for the Last Judgment,
we are told that it is always at hand, whose exact day and hour,
however, is unknown except the admonition given to us by the Word
of God, and the need for every human person to be ready all the
time physically, mentally and spiritually.
If you are a serious and concerned Ethiopian Believer, you need
to be knowledgeable about such and all other minor and major issues
pertaining to Ethiopia, the Ethiopians and Ethiopianity. To achieve
this goal, you have to read those books and publications publicized
on our web site, including the Q & A Section.
By fulfilling this Ethiopian commitment, you will, not only benefit
from the acquirement of the priceless information on the Divine
Truth about Ethiopia, the Ethiopians and Ethiopianity, but you
will also save the valuable time and energy that we, on both sides,
would unnecessarily spend in our exchange of emails.
So, we urge you to do that before you try to send us any more
questions on any item that relates to the above subject matters.
Wherever you are, this is the way to bring yourself, as an Ethiopian
Believer, to the attainment of the True Life of Tranquility in
Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God.
E-mail from Ehinoma Erahibor, Nigeria:
Dear Friends in Christ,
I greet you out there in Jesus Lovely name. "I
am the way, the truth and the
life, no man cometh to the Father but by me." John 14:6.
Jesus Christ is our salvation!
I was searching for a study material when I came across your email
and convinced you are a Christian. Please do not be angry at this
letter and undermine me because I am reaching you through the
internet. God led me to your email and I know I'm blessed having
to know you. I am a member of Grace Bible Church in Benin
City, Nigeria. By His grace I'm a believer born again and blood
blood of Jesus). I am married with four children and six grand
have a great passion doing the work of the master especially now
I work on
my own having not to be disturbed like when I was working 10 hours
clerk office work.. I am not rich in this worldly riches but rich
spiritually in Christ. I came to know Christ in 1986 and since
Him with commitment. I live in an area where there is much hunger
crisis but the Lord keeps us from them all. Our church is a small
with about twenty people. I am the assistant pastor to pastor
Kalu who is
a very committed man of God. As you can see I can speak and understand
English well as we are British colonized country. I have access
internet through a relative who works in an office with internet
so I can
check and receive my email here.
I am writing you because I need your help for bibles. Bibles are
here and many Christians do not have bibles. Most get theirs from
in other countries when they can reach to other Christians there.
friends name Furi told me to go internet where I can get some
to help and
I know God has directed me to you. Please kindly send to us 7
giant print, King James Version. I am using one while the six
for six mothers and fathers in our church who cannot buy the bibles
because they are costly. The giant print Bibles are the ones we
because they come in large letters words good for those who are
having reading problem. Please kindly help us and sow this seed
lives here. Where a seed is sown, harvest will surely come and
come to you. Please send bibles to me through post office insured
postal address shall be given below.
"But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness;
these things shall be added unto you" Matthew 6:33. The Lord
blesses you richly as you continue to walk in his ways.
Please write me back.
Your friend and brother in Jesus,
P.O. BOX 3384,
BENIN CITY, EDO STATE, NIGERIA
In the Names of Our Covenantal God, Jesus Christ
and His Holy Mother, The Virgin Mary!
Dear Assistant Pastor Ehinoma Erahibor:
We received your email of 6/30/2008 in which you
expressed your inspiration to the extent of stating that God led
you to our email and He directed you to write us. We appreciate
that statement with the same feeling.
As the contents of your email is specifically concerned with a
donation of seven King James Bibles in large print, and as our
Service does not include that project, we apologize for not being
able to meet your need.
However, we have something else to offer you that we feel seem
to be more worthy than the printed Bible. We will be happy to
make that donation as a token of our appreciation and sympathy
for the noble task you are engaged in.
We have sent you, free of charge and by separate mail to your
postal address you had provided us with in your email, a copy
of our book that was published some years ago and is in current
circulation around the world under a title: Ethiopia: The Classic
Case. In this book you will find "SOMETHING ELSE MORE WORTTHY
THAN THE PRINTED BIBLE." It is written in the section of
the book, sub-titled THE DIVINE TRUTH about ETHIOPIA, THE ETHIOPIAN
and ETHIOPIANISM. We have quoted part of it for your immediate
attention and explanation as follows:
According to the long and living Ethiopian Tradition, there are
Seven Covenants, as enshrined in the Scriptures, that God made
with humanity ever since Creation.
The first of these Covenants is signified and eternalized by the
Matrimony of Adam and Eve (Gen. 2/21-25; Mt. 19/ 4-6); the second,
by the Rainbow of Noah (Gen. 9/ 8-17); the third, by the Bread
and Wine Offering of Melchizedek (Gen. 14/ 18-20); the fourth,
by the Circumcision of Abraham (Gen. 17/ 1-14); the fifth, by
the Ark of Moses (Dt. 5); the sixth, by the Throne of David (2Sam.
7/ 8-16); the seventh and the last, by the Crucified Body and
Blood of Jesus Christ, born of the Virgin Mary (Mt. 26/ 26-29).
The Covenants as described above and each symbolized by real signs
are personified by humble individuals who pleased God with their
true love for Him.
These persons became unique and parties of their respective Covenants
with God following their singular triumphs over great trials of
various physical and spiritual dimensions. And these trials were
meant to test the truthfulness of their love for God before each
one of them actually won His favour to be chosen as a representative
party for the specific Divine Covenant.
These Seven Holy Covenants constitute ETHIOPIA or THE ETHIOPIAN.
In other words, Ethiopia or the Ethiopian is these Seven Covenants,
and these Seven Covenants are Ethiopia or the Ethiopian. Devoid
of them, or outside the context and realm of these Seven Covenants,
there is neither Ethiopia nor the Ethiopian.
Hence, the Biblical or the Old and the New Testamental Truth endorses
and identifies Ethiopia conclusively as the True Israel, and the
Ethiopians as the True Israelites, as spelled out below in greater
The existence of Ethiopia and the life of the Ethiopian are both
based on and intertwined by these Seven Covenants. Not only do
the religious, the cultural and the social fabrics of the Ethiopians'
lives, but also their educational, economic and political principles
emanate from these Covenants. This is ETHIOPIANISM.
The Ethiopians preserved these series of Covenants from the beginning
to the end, i.e., from the time of Adam to the advent of Jesus
Christ with unreserved and selfless sacrifices.
Jesus, born of the Virgin Mary who is the personification of Ethiopia,
became the perfect embodiment of these Covenants, the ultimate
fulfillment of God's Prophecies and the eschatological culmination
of the Divine Plan for His creation.
The characterization of the Ethiopian Tradition as a living one,
as stated above, bears special importance. It underlines the fact
that this Covenantal Heritage is preserved and transmitted not
simply by means of the human work of inscriptions on objects of
inorganic nature, but exclusively through the Divine medium of
the living person of THE ETHIOPIAN.
And the person of the Ethiopian, finally rejuvenated by the New
Covenant, served God for the past seven millennia and a half,
i.e., from the time of Adam and Eve to the present, as the Divine
depository of these Seven Covenants.
AS SUCH AND AS ANY TRUE CHRISTIAN IS MEANT TO BE, THE ETHIOPIAN
IS THE BIBLE INCARNATE, COMPRISING THE OLD AND THE NEW TESTAMENTS.
Yes, the Ethiopian is the Living Testimony of God's Covenants
with Man, as witnessed in the lives of True Ethiopians even to
This phenomenon is the fulfillment of the following God's prophecy
proclaimed long ago by Jeremiah:
"Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will
make a New Covenant with the House of Israel and the House of
Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers when
I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt,
my covenant which they broke, though I was their husband, says
"This is the New Covenant I will make with the House of Israel
after that time,' declared the Lord. 'I will put my law in their
minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they
will be my people.
"No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother,
saying, 'know the Lord,' because they will all know me from the
least of them to the greatest; for I will forgive their iniquity,
and I will remember their sin no more.'" (Jer. 31/31-34)
These Words were referred to by Jesus Himself, and quoted by the
writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews. (Jn. 6/ 45; Heb. 8/ 8-12)
With these simple and straightforward Words, God made it perfectly
clear how, when and where His Kingdom, which is founded and built
on the Seven Covenants, comes to be revealed and function.
He ruled out the need for the sophistication of the social, educational,
organizational and financial intricacies of human systems and
technologies with all their misconceptions and miscalculations,
failures and self-destroying incentives.
No public policy or legislation, no funding or estate, no trained
personnel or teaching device, no infrastructure or bureaucratic
establishment, and no power of enforcement were required for His
eternal program of showing people the Way to the Truth and Life,
now in this materialistic world and finally in the ideal world
What the Omnipotent Holy Spirit of God needed for establishing
and the running of His Kingdom on Earth was only one thing, which
is the simple, faithful and humble human heart.
He searched for that Heart from the beginning of time in the persons
of Adam and Eve and in those of their progenies; and found it
exclusively in Noah, Melchizedek, Abraham, Jethro, Moses, David,
Solomon and Makeda, and ultimately in the True Adam and Eve -Jesus
and Mary, through whom and from whom the present Ethiopian received
and maintained the Trusteeship of the Holy Covenants.
On that living and eternal foundation rock of the Ethiopian heart,
enhanced by successive Old Covenants, God established His Eternal
Kingdom under the constitution of the New Covenant and under the
Priestly Kingship of Jesus Christ and the Queenship of the Virgin
This infinite Grace of God to Humanity, maintained and preserved
by the Ethiopians, is shared by all true Christians all over the
world. (Ethiopia: The Classic Case, 1997, by N'bure-Id Ermias
K. Wolde-Yesus, Chapter One, pp. 15-26)
These excerpts, from the book referred above, simply
convey the Message of the Divine Truth that never ceased to proclaim
to all humanity in general and to every individual in particular.
Here, the Message of the Divine Truth is nothing but the assertion
that each human-being created in the Image of God, including you,
is the Living Incarnate Bible. Such religious stance remains true
only when that person believes in those Seven Holy Covenants and
is faithful to The God of the same Holy Covenants, thus signifying
and rendering the need and use of a written Bible redundant. Why?
It is because that person himself/herself becomes the Living Bible
Incarnate. That was the Divine Reality that had been constantly
revealed and taught by God Himself from the beginning to the present
and to the everlasting end.
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and our email address of the same is email@example.com.
Glory to Our God Jesus Christ! Let the Blessings
of the Holy Spirit and the Tender Motherly Visitation of The Virgin
Mary be upon all of us!
Servant of Ethiopia: The Kingdom of God.
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